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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular architecture of the 90S small subunit pre-ribosome

    Qi Sun et al.
    The nearly complete architecture of the gigantic 90S precursor of small ribosomal subunit is determined by cryo-EM.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Operon mRNAs are organized into ORF-centric structures that predict translation efficiency

    David H Burkhardt et al.
    Operonic mRNAs in bacteria are comprised of ORF (open reading frame)-wide units of secondary structure, which are intrinsically distinct between adjacent ORFs and encode a rough blueprint for ORF-specific translation efficiency.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    T cell receptor repertoires of mice and humans are clustered in similarity networks around conserved public CDR3 sequences

    Asaf Madi et al.
    A new perception of the organization of T-cell receptor repertoires in mice and humans, based on high-throughput sequencing and CDR3 sequence similarity, indicates hubs of cross-species public sequences forming evolutionary conserved 'foci of attention' of T cell immunity.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Nonsense mRNA suppression via nonstop decay

    Joshua A Arribere, Andrew Z Fire
    Nonstop mRNA decay degrades mRNAs with a premature stop codon after such mRNAs are targeted by the nonsense-mediated decay machinery.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Extensive translation of small Open Reading Frames revealed by Poly-Ribo-Seq

    Julie L Aspden et al.
    Thousands of small Open Reading Frames are translated, and form two distinct classes based on their translational efficiency and bioinformatic indicators.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Single-molecule tracking of the transcription cycle by sub-second RNA detection

    Zhengjian Zhang et al.
    A new technique called fastFISH enables nearly real-time and stoichiometric detection of nascent RNA and the tracking of individual stages of transcription at the level of single-molecules.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Naa12 compensates for Naa10 in mice in the amino-terminal acetylation pathway

    Hyae Yon Kweon et al.
    Mice doubly deficient for Naa10 and Naa12 display embryonic lethality, with both enzymes compensating for each other with amino-terminal acetylation of proteins in mouse development.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Epigenetic reprogramming rewires transcription during the alternation of generations in Arabidopsis

    Michael Borg et al.
    Epigenetic reprogramming of the distinct repressive marks H3K27me3 or H3K9me2 guides the transition between the haploid and diploid life forms that encompass the life cycle of land plants.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The role of the NMD factor UPF3B in olfactory sensory neurons

    Kun Tan et al.
    The nonsense-mediated RNA decay (NMD) branch-specific factor UPF3B influences olfactory sensory neuron cell populations, the olfactory receptor repertoire, and antimicrobial gene expression.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    An mRNA-binding channel in the ES6S region of the translation 48S-PIC promotes RNA unwinding and scanning

    Irene Díaz-López et al.
    The ES6S region of the small subunit ribosome makes a place for the threading and secondary structure unwinding of mRNA, which regulates genome-wide translation.