51 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    pH- and sodium-induced changes in a sodium/proton antiporter

    Cristina Paulino, Werner Kühlbrandt
    Sodium ions but not protons induce defined helix movements in a sodium/proton antiporter and suggest a mechanism for Na + binding and transport.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and transport mechanism of the sodium/proton antiporter MjNhaP1

    Cristina Paulino et al.
    The inward-open and outward-open structures of MjNhaP1 explain the mechanism of electroneutral sodium-proton antiport across the cell membrane.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and mechanism of the Mrp complex, an ancient cation/proton antiporter

    Julia Steiner, Leonid Sazanov
    Structure of the Mrp antiporter, an ancestor of respiratory complex I, suggests a mechanism of coupling between cation and proton translocation, applicable to a large family of related membrane proteins.
    1. Neuroscience

    The distinct roles of calcium in rapid control of neuronal glycolysis and the tricarboxylic acid cycle

    Carlos Manlio Díaz-García et al.
    When neurons are stimulated, calcium entry into mitochondria upregulates mitochondrial energy production, but glycolytic energy production in the cytosol is stimulated by elevated energy demand, not Ca2+ signaling.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insights into sodium transport by the oxaloacetate decarboxylase sodium pump

    Xin Xu et al.
    The structure of the membrane-integrated components of a unique substrate decarboxylation-driven primary-active sodium pump provides insights into its transport mechanism.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and substrate ion binding in the sodium/proton antiporter PaNhaP

    David Wöhlert et al.
    The X-ray structure of the PaNhaP provides a unique view of substrate-ion binding and release in electroneutral sodium/proton antiporters.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Na+/K+ pump interacts with the h-current to control bursting activity in central pattern generator neurons of leeches

    Daniel Kueh et al.
    The dynamic current generated Na+/K+ pump interacts with the h-current to control the bursting activity of oscillator heart interneurons.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A facile approach for the in vitro assembly of multimeric membrane transport proteins

    Erika A Riederer et al.
    Methodology for the in vitro assembly of multimeric membrane proteins and the utility of the approach for generating heteromeric variants of homo-multimeric proteins is described.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanism of Na+-dependent citrate transport from the structure of an asymmetrical CitS dimer

    David Wöhlert et al.
    The high-resolution x-ray structure of an asymmetrical SeCitS dimer, present in the inward- and outward-facing state, provides a complete mechanism of substrate and ion translocation in a sodium-dependent symporter.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Essential metabolism for a minimal cell

    Marian Breuer et al.
    A near-complete flux balance analysis model of a minimal cell demonstrates the high essentiality of its metabolic genes, agrees well with experimental essentiality data and suggests some further gene removals.

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