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    1. Neuroscience

    Calpain fosters the hyperexcitability of motoneurons after spinal cord injury and leads to spasticity

    Vanessa Plantier et al.
    Calpain is a promising therapeutic target to reduce spasticity after a spinal cord injury.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Straightjacket/α2δ3 deregulation is associated with cardiac conduction defects in myotonic dystrophy type 1

    Emilie Auxerre-Plantié et al.
    Drosophila DM1 models suggest that elevated cardiac expression of straightjacket/α2δ3, a regulatory subunit of voltage-gated calcium channel, contributes to cardiac conduction defects in DM1.
    1. Neuroscience

    Protective role of neuronal and lymphoid cannabinoid CB2 receptors in neuropathic pain

    David Cabañero et al.
    Operant drug self-administration in a mouse model of neuropathic pain reveals pain-relieving effects of a cannabinoid CB2 receptor agonist that are mediated through CB2 receptors of neurons and lymphocytes.
    1. Neuroscience

    The signaling lipid sphingosine 1-phosphate regulates mechanical pain

    Rose Z Hill et al.
    Constitutive sphingosine 1-phosphate signaling via the G-protein coupled receptor S1PR3 in mechanonociceptive somatosensory neurons is required for normal behavioral responses to noxious mechanical stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience

    A deleterious Nav1.1 mutation selectively impairs telencephalic inhibitory neurons derived from Dravet Syndrome patients

    Yishan Sun et al.
    A human cellular model of a prototypical form of intractable childhood epilepsy supports selective impairment of inhibitory neurons as a key pathophysiological mechanism.
    1. Cell Biology

    KChIP2 is a core transcriptional regulator of cardiac excitability

    Drew M Nassal et al.
    The ion channel accessory subunit KChIP2 has a transcriptional role that provides regulation over miRNA targets, driving the adverse remodeling of key ion channels during cardiac stress and leading to the development of arrhythmia.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Aberrant subchondral osteoblastic metabolism modifies NaV1.8 for osteoarthritis

    Jianxi Zhu et al.
    Osteoblastic PGE2 induces pain and OA progression by NaV1.8 modification and serves as a potential target multiple skeletal pain and degenerations.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Comparison of induced neurons reveals slower structural and functional maturation in humans than in apes

    Maria Schörnig et al.
    Neurons mature slower in humans than in other non-human primates.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The transpeptidase PBP2 governs initial localization and activity of the major cell-wall synthesis machinery in E. coli

    Gizem Özbaykal et al.
    For initiation of cell-wall insertion, the cross-linking enzyme PBP2 stably binds to a component of the cell envelope that is different from MreB filaments.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Calcium handling precedes cardiac differentiation to initiate the first heartbeat

    Richard CV Tyser et al.
    High-resolution live imaging reveals how and when the mouse heart first starts to beat during development and how the onset of beating impacts on heart muscle cell maturation and heart formation.