110 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Extracellular matrix in multicellular aggregates acts as a pressure sensor controlling cell proliferation and motility

    Monika E Dolega et al.
    Theoretical predictions and experiments on multicellular aggregates indicate that the extracellular matrix acts as a mechanical sensor, which regulates cell proliferation and migration in a three-dimensional environment.
    1. Medicine

    Anti-fibrotic activity of a rho-kinase inhibitor restores outflow function and intraocular pressure homeostasis

    Guorong Li et al.
    An FDA-approved, rho-associated kinase inhibitor reverses fibrosis in the conventional outflow pathway of a mouse model of glaucoma and reverses ocular hypertension in patients with steroid glaucoma.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    FRET-based dynamic structural biology: Challenges, perspectives and an appeal for open-science practices

    Eitan Lerner et al.
    A summary of the current “state-of-the-field” of single-molecule FRET used for probing biomolecular structural dynamics.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Charge-driven condensation of RNA and proteins suggests broad role of phase separation in cytoplasmic environments

    Bercem Dutagaci et al.
    Charge complementarity between RNA and proteins may be a universal principle for phase separation in biology without requiring disorder or specific multivalent interactions.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Ral GTPases promote breast cancer metastasis by controlling biogenesis and organ targeting of exosomes

    Shima Ghoroghi et al.
    A combination of animal models reveal how the molecular mechanisms of exosome secretion (RalA/B-dependent) are linked to their cargo content and their function in breast cancer pre-metastatic niche formation.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Cancer-associated fibroblasts and their influence on tumor immunity and immunotherapy

    Richard Lee Barrett, Ellen Puré
    Long under-appreciated, fibroblast biology is a key aspect of understanding how the immune system responds to tumors and may hold the key to improving immunotherapy in this tricky space.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TFEB/Mitf links impaired nuclear import to autophagolysosomal dysfunction in C9-ALS

    Kathleen M Cunningham et al.
    Impaired nuclear import of the transcription factor TFEB/MITF is a major cause of autophagy and lysosome dysfunction in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis caused by mutations in the C9orf72 gene.
    1. Cell Biology

    A versatile oblique plane microscope for large-scale and high-resolution imaging of subcellular dynamics

    Etai Sapoznik et al.
    A novel single-objective light-sheet microscope with unparalleled spatiotemporal resolution enables imaging and optical manipulation of diverse biological specimens and processes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CD14 release induced by P2X7 receptor restricts inflammation and increases survival during sepsis

    Cristina Alarcón-Vila et al.
    A murine model of sepsis shows that the purinergic P2X7 receptor controls the release of CD14 in extracellular vesicles playing a key role in cytokine production, bacterial clearance, and survival.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Talin-activated vinculin interacts with branched actin networks to initiate bundles

    Rajaa Boujemaa-Paterski et al.
    At adhesion sites, talin-activated vinculin promotes interactions with the actin network that initiates bundles.

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