21 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Haplotypes spanning centromeric regions reveal persistence of large blocks of archaic DNA

    Sasha A Langley et al.
    Genomic polymorphism across centromeric regions of humans is organized into large-scale haplotypes with great diversity, including entire Neanderthal centromeres.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Point of View: Predictive regulation and human design

    Peter Sterling
    Why does the human regulatory system, which evolution tuned for small satisfactions, now constantly demand 'more'?
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolution: Of starch and spit

    Mareike C Janiak
    Animals living alongside humans have multiple copies of the gene for alpha-amylase, the enzyme that breaks down starchy foods, and high levels of this protein in their saliva.
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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Insights into the evolution of social systems and species from baboon studies

    Julia Fischer et al.
    Wild baboons are an excellent model to study complex evolutionary processes such as speciation and hybridization, as well as the links between sociality, longevity and reproductive success.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Human Evolution: The many mysteries of Homo naledi

    Chris Stringer
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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Human Evolution: New opportunities rising

    Jessica C Thompson
    More fossil specimens and an eagerly awaited age for Homo naledi raise new questions and open new opportunities for paleoanthropologists.
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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Homo naledi and Pleistocene hominin evolution in subequatorial Africa

    Lee R Berger et al.
    A late Middle Pleistocene age for Homo naledi demonstrates a diversity of hominin species in Africa at this critical time in the archaeological record.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Homo naledi, a new species of the genus Homo from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa

    Lee R Berger et al.
    A new hominin species has been unearthed in the Dinaledi Chamber of the Rising Star cave system in the largest assemblage of a single species of hominins yet discovered in Africa.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Natural variation in sugar tolerance associates with changes in signaling and mitochondrial ribosome biogenesis

    Richard G Melvin et al.
    The optimal macronutrient composition, macronutrient space, varies strongly between closely related species and is determined by genetic changes in regulatory genes that globally reprogram gene expression profiles of metabolic pathways.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    An evolutionary recent IFN/IL-6/CEBP axis is linked to monocyte expansion and tuberculosis severity in humans

    Murilo Delgobo et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis exploits an IFN/IL6/CEBP axis linked to monocyte expansion in humans.

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