21 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Defective lytic transglycosylase disrupts cell morphogenesis by hindering cell wall de-O-acetylation in Neisseria meningitidis

    Allison Hillary Williams et al.
    Lytic transglycosylase enhances the activity of its protein partner, and its catalytic domain can be targeted to disrupt cell-wall integrity, protein partner function, and bacterial survival (Neisseria meningitidis) in hosts.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Competition between antagonistic complement factors for a single protein on N. meningitidis rules disease susceptibility

    Joseph JE Caesar et al.
    Genetic susceptibility to an infectious disease is linked to competition for binding a molecule on the bacterial surface by two host proteins with opposing roles in host immunity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A processive rotary mechanism couples substrate unfolding and proteolysis in the ClpXP degradation machinery

    Zev A Ripstein et al.
    Understanding of bacterial protein degradation is illuminated by cryo-EM structures of the substrate-bound ClpXP complex from Neisseria meningitidis at 2.3 to 3.3 Å resolution.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Protein Unfolding: Same structure, different mechanisms?

    Francis TF Tsai, Christopher P Hill
    Two interpretations of similar structures for the same molecular machine illustrate the limits of inferring biochemical mechanism from protein structure.
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Neighbor predation linked to natural competence fosters the transfer of large genomic regions in Vibrio cholerae

    Noémie Matthey et al.
    Whole-genome sequencing reveals the remarkable extent of horizontally moving genetic material in naturally competent Vibrio cholerae after a prey-killing DNA acquisition process.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis induces decelerated bioenergetic metabolism in human macrophages

    Bridgette M Cumming et al.
    Quantifiable bioenergetic parameters, determined from extracellular flux analyses, are distinct between macrophages infected with Mycobacteriumtuberculosis or vaccine strain M. bovis BCG, enabling assessment of future vaccine and drug efficacy.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Extended low-resolution structure of a Leptospira antigen offers high bactericidal antibody accessibility amenable to vaccine design

    Ching-Lin Hsieh et al.
    The antibody accessibility of the leptospiral surface protein, LigB, provides a guide for the rational design of improved recombinant chimeric vaccine antigens displayed on a single domain scaffold.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of a type IV pilus machinery in the open and closed state

    Vicki AM Gold et al.
    Electron cryo-tomography reveals a huge conformational change in the secretin domain of the type IV pilus machinery that occurs when the channel opens for pilus extrusion.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Population structuring of multi-copy, antigen-encoding genes in Plasmodium falciparum

    Yael Artzy-Randrup et al.
    Mathematical modeling shows that local populations of the malaria parasite self-organize into a limited number of transient but distinct strains through competition for hosts in immunity space.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structure of the malaria vaccine candidate antigen CyRPA and its complex with a parasite invasion inhibitory antibody

    Paola Favuzza et al.
    The structure of the promising malaria blood-stage vaccine candidate antigen PfCyRPA and the characterization of a protective epitope are facilitating research on its essential role in parasite invasion, and will guide future epitope-focused vaccine design.

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