1,646 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Live calcium and mitochondrial imaging in the enteric nervous system of Parkinson patients and controls

    An-Sofie Desmet et al.
    In contrast to previous post-mortem or fixed tissue histochemical reports, live calcium and mitochondrial imaging data suggest that the enteric nervous system is not generally affected in Parkinson's disease patients.
    1. Neuroscience

    GSK3β regulates AKT-induced central nervous system axon regeneration via an eIF2Bε-dependent, mTORC1-independent pathway

    Xinzheng Guo et al.
    The AKT-GSK3β-eIF2Bε signaling module plays a key role in promoting axon regeneration in the adult mammalian central nervous system.
    1. Neuroscience

    mTORC1 is necessary but mTORC2 and GSK3β are inhibitory for AKT3-induced axon regeneration in the central nervous system

    Linqing Miao et al.
    The kinase AKT acts as a nodal point that coordinates both positive and negative cues to regulate the regeneration of central nervous system axons in adult mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Circulating transforming growth factor-β1 facilitates remyelination in the adult central nervous system

    Machika Hamaguchi et al.
    Although central nervous system (CNS) regeneration has been considered to be controlled by CNS microenvironment, CNS injury causes leading to leakage of circulating factors into CNS, which promotes CNS regeneration.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Lineage mapping identifies molecular and architectural similarities between the larval and adult Drosophila central nervous system

    Haluk Lacin, James W Truman
    Mapping individual neural stem cells to their corresponding embryonic and postembryonic progeny shows that these sets of neurons have profound molecular and anatomical similarities despite building different central nervous systems.
    1. Neuroscience

    Septin/anillin filaments scaffold central nervous system myelin to accelerate nerve conduction

    Julia Patzig et al.
    A newly identified component in the architecture of the axon/myelin-unit – the septin/anillin scaffold – maintains the structure of myelin in the central nervous system, thereby preventing myelin outfoldings.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A cellular and regulatory map of the GABAergic nervous system of C. elegans

    Marie Gendrel et al.
    GABAergic neurons in the nervous system of C. elegans have been comprehensively mapped allowing analysis of regulatory factors that program GABAergic neuron identity.
    1. Neuroscience

    A cellular and regulatory map of the cholinergic nervous system of C. elegans

    Laura Pereira et al.
    Analyzing a map of all cholinergic neurons in the nematode C. elegans shows how these neurons are embedded in the C. elegans connectome and reveals the regulatory factors controlling their development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Timing mechanism of sexually dimorphic nervous system differentiation

    Laura Pereira et al.
    The timing of sexual differentiation in the brain of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is controlled by a phylogenetically conserved pathway of gene regulatory factors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anillin facilitates septin assembly to prevent pathological outfoldings of central nervous system myelin

    Michelle S Erwig et al.
    Mature myelin sheaths are scaffolded by the anillin-dependent assembly of septin filaments, thereby facilitating rapid nerve conduction in the healthy CNS.

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