45 results found
    1. Ecology

    A beta-glucosidase of an insect herbivore determines both toxicity and deterrence of a dandelion defense metabolite

    Meret Huber et al.
    An insect digestive enzyme metabolizes a plant defense compound and thereby modulates herbivore performance and host plant choice, which in turn may alter plant defense evolution in nature.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Towards novel herbicide modes of action by inhibiting lysine biosynthesis in plants

    Tatiana P Soares da Costa et al.
    Proof-of-principle for a new herbicide mode of action through the identification of novel inhibitors of lysine biosynthesis with in planta efficacy.
    1. Neuroscience

    GABAB receptor auxiliary subunits modulate Cav2.3-mediated release from medial habenula terminals

    Pradeep Bhandari et al.
    The direct interaction of R-type Ca2+ channel Cav2.3 and GABAB receptor auxiliary subunits in the active zone of medial habenula terminals scales synaptic strength independent of GABAB receptor activation.
    1. Ecology

    A gustatory receptor tuned to the steroid plant hormone brassinolide in Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)

    Ke Yang et al.
    The gustatory receptor PxylGr34 is tuned to the steroid plant hormone brassinolide and mediates the deterrent effects of brassinolide on feeding and ovipositing behaviors in Plutella xylostella.
    1. Plant Biology

    The genetic architecture of host response reveals the importance of arbuscular mycorrhizae to maize cultivation

    M Rosario Ramírez-Flores et al.
    Heritable variation in the benefit maize plants receive from arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi supports the feasibility of breeding crops to optimize use of this ancient symbiosis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibition of striatonigral autophagy as a link between cannabinoid intoxication and impairment of motor coordination

    Cristina Blázquez et al.
    Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol impairs motor coordination in mice by inhibiting autophagy in the striatonigral pathway, thus defining a new conceptual view of how cannabis acts in the brain.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolution of a plant gene cluster in Solanaceae and emergence of metabolic diversity

    Pengxiang Fan et al.
    A nightshade family gene cluster creates phenotypic novelty in trichome defensive metabolites via evolution of lipid metabolic enzymes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Plasmodium falciparum translational machinery condones polyadenosine repeats

    Slavica Pavlovic Djuranovic et al.
    Adaptations in protein synthesis and mRNA surveillance machinery enabled the malaria-causing parasite P. falciparum to efficiently and accurately translate long polyA nucleotide runs into long poly-lysine peptides.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Determining the scale at which variation in a single gene changes population yields

    Erica McGale et al.
    Variation in the gene NaMPK4 in plant populations increases reproductive yield, an effect which appears to be independent of soil water availability, neighbor-scale interactions and associations with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.
    1. Neuroscience

    The effects of psychosocial stress on dopaminergic function and the acute stress response

    Michael AP Bloomfield et al.
    Imaging and laboratory-induced psychosocial stress showed that exposure to psychosocial adversity was associated with dampened striatal dopaminergic function alongside blunted physiological yet potentiated subjective responses to acute stress.

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