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    1. Plant Biology

    Autophagy functions as an antiviral mechanism against geminiviruses in plants

    Yakupjan Haxim et al.
    Plant autophagy contributes to antiviral defense against geminiviruses by targeting one or more viral proteins for degradation.
    1. Plant Biology

    Host-induced bacterial cell wall decomposition mediates pattern-triggered immunity in Arabidopsis

    Xiaokun Liu et al.
    Arabidopsis lysozyme LYS1 generates soluble peptidoglycan fragments to mediate pattern-triggered immunity.
    1. Plant Biology

    Compensatory sequence variation between trans-species small RNAs and their target sites

    Nathan R Johnson et al.
    Superfamilies of trans-species small RNAs from the parasitic plant Cuscuta have sequence variation that correspond to synonymous site variation in host plant target mRNAs.
    1. Plant Biology

    UBP12 and UBP13 negatively regulate the activity of the ubiquitin-dependent peptidases DA1, DAR1 and DAR2

    Hannes Vanhaeren et al.
    By inactivating DA1, DAR1 and DAR2 through deubiquitination, UBP12 and UBP13 regulate leaf growth, cell area and endoreduplication.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Plant immune and growth receptors share common signalling components but localise to distinct plasma membrane nanodomains

    Christoph A Bücherl et al.
    Although genetically and biochemically linked, the plant immune and growth receptors FLS2 and BRI1 form dispersed receptor clusters within the plasma membrane that are spatiotemporally separated.
    1. Plant Biology

    Prioritizing plant defence over growth through WRKY regulation facilitates infestation by non-target herbivores

    Ran Li et al.
    A chewing herbivore induced WRKY transcription factor induces jasmonate-dependent defences and supresses gibbererellin-dependent growth, the latter of which renders rice plants more susceptible to secondary infestation by a piercing-sucking herbivore.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Plant Disease: Autophagy under attack

    Paul de Figueiredo, Marty Dickman
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Host autophagy machinery is diverted to the pathogen interface to mediate focal defense responses against the Irish potato famine pathogen

    Yasin F Dagdas et al.
    Defense-related selective autophagy mediated by the antimicrobial autophagy cargo receptor NBR1/Joka2 is diverted to pathogen penetration sites to restrict plant colonization by the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Plant Biology

    Plant Pathology: Plasmid-powered evolutionary transitions

    Ryan A Melnyk, Cara H Haney
    The acquisition of a virulence plasmid is sufficient to turn a beneficial strain of Rhodococcus bacteria into a pathogen.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Arabidopsis heterotrimeric G proteins regulate immunity by directly coupling to the FLS2 receptor

    Xiangxiu Liang et al.
    Heterotrimeric G proteins are coupled to and regulate plant receptor signaling, which allows optimum immune activation and enhances the production of reactive oxygen species.