211 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Nodal and planar cell polarity signaling cooperate to regulate zebrafish convergence and extension gastrulation movements

    Margot LK Williams, Lilianna Solnica-Krezel
    Nodal signaling regulates gastrulation cell behaviors largely in parallel with planar cell polarity signaling and is sufficient for ex vivo extension of embryonic explants.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pull-push neuromodulation of cortical plasticity enables rapid bi-directional shifts in ocular dominance

    Su Hong et al.
    Neuromodulation of the expression of Hebbian plasticity enables rapid cortical sensory-induced remodeling in post-critical period adults, and can rescue deficits induced by prolonged sensory deprivation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Serotonin signaling by maternal neurons upon stress ensures progeny survival

    Srijit Das et al.
    Neuronal serotonin release tunes transcription response times of Caenorhabditis elegans germ cells to promote the survival and stress resistance of future offspring.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alterations in the amplitude and burst rate of beta oscillations impair reward-dependent motor learning in anxiety

    Sebastian Sporn et al.
    State anxiety alters the dynamics of beta oscillations during reward-dependent motor learning, thereby impairing proper updating of motor predictions when learning in unstable environments.
    1. Neuroscience

    β spectrin-dependent and domain specific mechanisms for Na+ channel clustering

    Cheng-Hsin Liu et al.
    β4 spectrin is required to maintain Na+ channels at the axon initial segment since, unlike nodes of Ranvier, β1 spectrin cannot substitute.
    1. Neuroscience

    Drosophila Synaptotagmin 7 negatively regulates synaptic vesicle release and replenishment in a dosage-dependent manner

    Zhuo Guan et al.
    Drosophila synaptotagmin 7 functions to restrict SV availability and release, but does not act as the Ca2+ sensor mediating the asynchronous release and facilitation remaining in synaptotagmin 1 mutants.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Control of brown adipose tissue adaptation to nutrient stress by the activin receptor ALK7

    Patricia Marmol et al.
    The activin receptor ALK7 regulates the adaptation of brown adipose tissue to nutrient availability by preventing over-activation of signaling pathways induced by fasting, allowing appropriate response to cold exposure.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Zebrafish embryonic explants undergo genetically encoded self-assembly

    Alexandra Schauer et al.
    Blastoderm tissue organization and patterning in zebrafish explants is driven by a genetically encoded and controlled self-assembly mechanism, rather than a bonafide self-organization mechanism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar modulation of synaptic input to freezing-related neurons in the periaqueductal gray

    Christopher E Vaaga et al.
    The mouse cerebellum regulates innate defensive neural circuitry by tonically controlling dopamine release in the periaqueductal gray, thereby modulating synaptic responses of the Chx10-positive neurons that generate freezing behavior.

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