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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Endothelial-specific FoxO1 depletion prevents obesity-related disorders by increasing vascular metabolism and growth

    Martina Rudnicki et al.
    Stimulation of endothelial glucose metabolism and vascular growth by genetic depletion of endothelial Foxo1 improves the whole-body response to a high-fat diet, by preserving adipose tissue functions and glucose homeostasis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    WNT signaling memory is required for ACTIVIN to function as a morphogen in human gastruloids

    Anna Yoney et al.
    The requirement for WNT signaling in mesendoderm differentiation is temporally separate from that of ACTIVIN signaling and acts to switch the output of ACTIVIN/SMAD2 from pluripotency maintenance to mesendoderm patterning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar learning using perturbations

    Guy Bouvier et al.
    A proposal for a complete cellular/network implementation of trial-and-error motor learning in the olivo-cerebellar system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Analogue closed-loop optogenetic modulation of hippocampal pyramidal cells dissociates gamma frequency and amplitude

    Elizabeth Nicholson et al.
    Neurons can synchronize, supporting flexible communication among brain areas; closed-loop optogenetics allows the frequency and power of population oscillations to be dissociated, providing a tool to interrogate how networks couple.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Changes in global and thalamic brain connectivity in LSD-induced altered states of consciousness are attributable to the 5-HT2A receptor

    Katrin H Preller et al.
    LSD induces a pattern of changed global brain connectivity characterized by hypo-connectivity in associative areas and hyper-connectivity across sensory and somatomotor areas that is dependent on the serotonin 2A receptor.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The glycosphingolipid MacCer promotes synaptic bouton formation in Drosophila by interacting with Wnt

    Yan Huang et al.
    Multiple independent analyses reveal that a specific membrane lipid directly interacts with the signalling protein Wingless to promote synapse growth at the Drosophila neuromuscular junctions.
    1. Plant Biology

    A plant chitinase controls cortical infection thread progression and nitrogen-fixing symbiosis

    Anna Malolepszy et al.
    Lotus japonicus chitinase modulates the level of rhizobial Nod factor and thereby enables cortical infection and functional symbiosis in root nodules.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    New insights into the cellular temporal response to proteostatic stress

    Justin Rendleman et al.
    A time-resolved analysis of protein and RNA concentrations and interactions during proteostasis stress highlights the dominant role of translation regulation and a shift of energy metabolism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oligodendrocyte-encoded Kir4.1 function is required for axonal integrity

    Lucas Schirmer et al.
    Ultrastructural and loss-of-function experiments show that oligodendrocyte-encoded Kir4.1 is located near active axonal structures, including within myelin inner tongue, and has critical functions to promote axonal activity and preserve integrity.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Blumenols as shoot markers of root symbiosis with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

    Ming Wang et al.
    Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi-induced hydroxy- and carboxyblumenol C glycosides accumulate in plant shoots and allow for facile high-throughput screening for functional plant-AMF associations.