1,907 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Fast turnover of genome transcription across evolutionary time exposes entire non-coding DNA to de novo gene emergence

    Rafik Neme, Diethard Tautz
    Deep sequencing of transcriptomes from closely related taxa shows that the whole genome can become subject to evolutionary testing within a short time frame via de novo evolution of genes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    De novo design of a homo-trimeric amantadine-binding protein

    Jooyoung Park et al.
    The first successful de novo design of a homo-trimeric protein that binds a C3 symmetric small molecule larger than a metal ion is an advance for computational protein design.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Large, three-generation human families reveal post-zygotic mosaicism and variability in germline mutation accumulation

    Thomas A Sasani et al.
    Rates of germline mutation accumulation are highly variable across families of similar genetic ancestry, and post-zygotic mosaicism is a substantial source of de novo mutations.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A de novo evolved gene in the house mouse regulates female pregnancy cycles

    Chen Xie et al.
    A female specifically expressed new protein-coding gene that has emerged out of non-coding sequences without detectable signatures of adaptive evolution affects female pregnancy cycles.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The GTPase Nog1 co-ordinates the assembly, maturation and quality control of distant ribosomal functional centers

    Purnima Klingauf-Nerurkar et al.
    The GTPase Nog1 orchestrates stalk assembly, peptidyl transferase centre maturation and polypeptide exit tunnel quality control.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Extracellular Pgk1 enhances neurite outgrowth of motoneurons through Nogo66/NgR-independent targeting of NogoA

    Cheng Yung Lin et al.
    The amount of secreted Pgk1 is sharply decreased in Rtn4al/NogoA-overexpressed muscle cells, leading to various manifestations of neurodegenerative disease, including denervated neuromuscular junction and failed neurite outgrowth of motoneurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sleep spindles mediate hippocampal-neocortical coupling during long-duration ripples

    Hong-Viet Ngo et al.
    Triggered by (long-duration) hippocampal ripples, spindles facilitate communication between the hipppocampus and neocortex during natural sleep.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Two de novo GluN2B mutations affect multiple NMDAR-functions and instigate severe pediatric encephalopathy

    Shai Kellner et al.
    Two novel mutations in the GRIN2B gene reduce glutamate affinity by >1000-fold, reduce the receptors proton-sensitivity, and exert a dominant-negative effect over receptors in neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell-specific non-canonical amino acid labelling identifies changes in the de novo proteome during memory formation

    Harrison Tudor Evans et al.
    Quantitative de novo proteomics paired with in vivo cell-specific non-canonical amino acid labelling identified several spatial long-term memory-induced changes in protein synthesis in hippocampal neurons.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    In vivo targeting of de novo DNA methylation by histone modifications in yeast and mouse

    Marco Morselli et al.
    DNA methylation deposition is dependent on the presence of H3K4me3 and H3K36me3 histone marks.

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