746 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Developmental Biology

    Structure and functional properties of Norrin mimic Wnt for signalling with Frizzled4, Lrp5/6, and proteoglycan

    Tao-Hsin Chang et al.
    The crystal structure of Norrie Disease Protein in complex with the extracellular cysteine-rich domain of Frizzled4 receptor and sucrose octasulfate reveals binding sites for Frizzled4, low density lipoprotein receptor related protein 5/6, and proteoglycan.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Admixture into and within sub-Saharan Africa

    George BJ Busby et al.
    Gene flow analysis reveals that the genomes of most sub-Saharan populations are the result of recent historical admixture events.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic and environmental influences on adult human height across birth cohorts from 1886 to 1994

    Aline Jelenkovic et al.
    Genetic variance of adult human height shows a generally increasing trend across the birth-year cohorts but heritability estimates do not present any clear pattern of secular changes over a century.
    1. Cell Biology

    Proinsulin misfolding is an early event in the progression to type 2 diabetes

    Anoop Arunagiri et al.
    Proinsulin misfolding, an established cause of diabetes in patients with INS gene mutations, is now observed in normal human pancreatic islets, and rodents with genetic predisposition to type 2 diabetes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Introgression of regulatory alleles and a missense coding mutation drive plumage pattern diversity in the rock pigeon

    Anna I Vickrey et al.
    Different kinds of molecular changes at one genetic locus control different feather pigmentation patterns, and the darkest patterns resulted from hybridization with another species.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Immune genes are hotspots of shared positive selection across birds and mammals

    Allison J Shultz, Timothy B Sackton
    Pathogens, particularly viruses, target the same genes over deep evolutionary time, resulting in shared signatures of positive selection and transcriptional responses at the same genes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Gut microbiota density influences host physiology and is shaped by host and microbial factors

    Eduardo J Contijoch et al.
    The density of the gut microbiota influences the host immune system and adiposity, and can be therapeutically manipulated.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Targeted surveillance strategies for efficient detection of novel antibiotic resistance variants

    Allison L Hicks et al.
    Sampling informed by pathogen genomic data may facilitate more efficient detection of novel antibiotic resistance than random sampling.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Self-assembling manifolds in single-cell RNA sequencing data

    Alexander J Tarashansky et al.
    An iterative self-assembling algorithm identifies the intrinsic structures in single-cell transcriptomic data and helps to discover new cell populations that are undetectable by existing methods.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Integration of human pancreatic islet genomic data refines regulatory mechanisms at Type 2 Diabetes susceptibility loci

    Matthias Thurner et al.
    Human pancreatic islet high-resolution chromatin state maps generated from DNA methylation, open chromatin and ChIP-seq mark data facilitate the characterisation of regulatory mechanisms at type 2 diabetes genome-wide association study loci.

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