126 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Biosynthesis of a sulfated exopolysaccharide, synechan, and bloom formation in the model cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803

    Kaisei Maeda et al.
    A potentially useful cyanobacterial sulfated exopolysaccharide and its biosynthesis and regulation genes, which contribute to the laboratorial bloom formation, are elucidated for the first time among prokaryotes.
    1. Cell Biology

    Metabolic flexibility via mitochondrial BCAA carrier SLC25A44 is required for optimal fever

    Takeshi Yoneshiro et al.
    Genetic and cellular studies in rodents found branched-chain amino acids are critical nutrients that are transported and oxidized in the mitochondria through their carrier MBC for optimal febrile responses.
    1. Neuroscience

    DIAPH3 deficiency links microtubules to mitotic errors, defective neurogenesis, and brain dysfunction

    Eva On-Chai Lau et al.
    DIAPH3 safeguards integrity of microtubule cytoskeleton during division of neural progenitor cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gamma rhythms and visual information in mouse V1 specifically modulated by somatostatin+ neurons in reticular thalamus

    Mahmood S Hoseini et al.
    Gamma rhythms and representation of visual information in the primary visual cortex are specifically modulated by somatostatin+ but not parvalbumin+ neurons in reticular thalamic nucleus.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic association and causal inference converge on hyperglycaemia as a modifiable factor to improve lung function

    William R Reay et al.
    Genetic data revealed existing drugs that could be repurposed to improve lung function, with evidence that compounds which control blood glucose could be particularly useful for respiratory impairment.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Single-cell transcriptomics of the Drosophila wing disc reveals instructive epithelium-to-myoblast interactions

    Nicholas J Everetts et al.
    A single-cell atlas of the developing Drosophila wing disc at two time points enables a detailed understanding of the signals exchanged between different cell populations during development.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    A KDM5–Prospero transcriptional axis functions during early neurodevelopment to regulate mushroom body formation

    Hayden AM Hatch et al.
    The histone demethylase KDM5 functions in concert with the transcription factor Prospero to regulate a gene expression program that is required for mushroom body neuroanatomical development.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Human ORC/MCM density is low in active genes and correlates with replication time but does not delimit initiation zones

    Nina Kirstein et al.
    Replication origins are established throughout the genome with the exception of transcribed genes, and the local chromatin composition likely modulates the density of ORC and MCM as well as origin activation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Spinal cord precursors utilize neural crest cell mechanisms to generate hybrid peripheral myelinating glia

    Laura Fontenas, Sarah Kucenas
    Motor exit point (MEP) glia utilize mechanisms most commonly attributed to neural crest cells for their development from spinal cord precursors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Magnesium efflux from Drosophila Kenyon cells is critical for normal and diet-enhanced long-term memory

    Yanying Wu et al.
    Regulated neuronal magnesium efflux is a critical element of normal and magnesium-enhanced memory.

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