198 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Medicine

    The half-life of the bone-derived hormone osteocalcin is regulated through O-glycosylation in mice, but not in humans

    Omar Al Rifai et al.
    In mice, but not in humans, the bone-derived hormone osteocalcin is O-glycosylated, a post-translational modification controlling its half-life in vivo.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Inhibitor of ppGalNAc-T3-mediated O-glycosylation blocks cancer cell invasiveness and lowers FGF23 levels

    Lina Song, Adam D Linstedt
    The first inhibitor identified against an iso-enzyme that initiates O-glycosylation in the Golgi complex promises new therapeutic approaches for cancer and chronic kidney disease.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A conserved major facilitator superfamily member orchestrates a subset of O-glycosylation to aid macrophage tissue invasion

    Katarina Valoskova et al.
    T antigen glycosylation, which marks metastatic cancer cells, is modulated on a small set of proteins by a conserved multipass transmembrane protein to allow tissue invasion by Drosophila macrophages.
    1. Cell Biology

    ERK8 is a negative regulator of O-GalNAc glycosylation and cell migration

    Joanne Chia et al.
    The ERK8 kinase blocks the export of glycosyl-tranferases from the Golgi to the endoplasmic reticulum, and thus subsequent O-glycosylation of proteins that otherwise enhance cell motility and tissue invasion.
    1. Cell Biology

    Site-specific glycosylation regulates the form and function of the intermediate filament cytoskeleton

    Heather J Tarbet et al.
    The in vivo modification of the canonical intermediate filament protein vimentin with O-linked beta-N-acetylglucosamine affects its function in filament assembly, cell migration and host-pathogen interactions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    B4GAT1 is the priming enzyme for the LARGE-dependent functional glycosylation of α-dystroglycan

    Jeremy L Praissman et al.
    The correct enzymatic activity of a previously misnamed enzyme is defined, placing the enzyme upstream of LARGE in building functional O-mannose structures on α-dystroglycan that are disrupted in multiple forms of congenital muscular dystrophy.
    1. Cell Biology

    Intermediate Filaments: The sweet side of vimentin

    Natasha T Snider et al.
    A protein modification called O-linked glycosylation regulates the interactions between vimentin molecules under normal conditions, and the ability of Chlamydia bacteria to replicate after they infect cells.
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A mutant Escherichia coli that attaches peptidoglycan to lipopolysaccharide and displays cell wall on its surface

    Marcin Grabowicz et al.
    A single mutation in Escherichia coli connects two essential cell envelope assembly pathways and confers vancomycin resistance by displaying molecular decoys at the cell surface.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Inhibition of SARS-CoV-2 viral entry upon blocking N- and O-glycan elaboration

    Qi Yang et al.
    A critical role for glycosylation on viral entry and methods to use this knowledge to reduce SARS-CoV-2 infectivity has been demonstrated.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Specificity in glycosylation of multiple flagellins by the modular and cell cycle regulated glycosyltransferase FlmG

    Silvia Ardissone et al.
    Glycosylation of flagellins with pseudaminic acid in the bacterial cytoplasm governed by an unknown type of modular glycosyltransferase harboring an N-terminal substrate binding domain and a C-terminal glycosyltransferase domain.

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