10,802 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Leave-One-Trial-Out, LOTO, a general approach to link single-trial parameters of cognitive models to neural data

    Sebastian Gluth, Nachshon Meiran
    Leave-One-Trial-Out (LOTO) is a general, efficient and easily implementable approach for inferring trial-by-trial measures of computational model parameters in order to link these measures to neural mechanisms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oxytocin promotes coordinated out-group attack during intergroup conflict in humans

    Hejing Zhang et al.
    Humans intranasally administered the neuropeptide oxytocin waste less and earn more spoils during intergroup conflict because oxytocin enables group members to better coordinate strategic attacking of out-groups.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    OGT binds a conserved C-terminal domain of TET1 to regulate TET1 activity and function in development

    Joel Hrit et al.
    The epigenetic regulator TET1 is regulated by the nutrient-sensing enzyme OGT in vitro and in cells.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Ancient mechanisms for the evolution of the bicoid homeodomain's function in fly development

    Qinwen Liu et al.
    Transgenic animals carrying reconstructed ancestral alleles reveal how two ancient mutations allowed a regulatory protein to evolve a controlling role in embryonic development in flies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Direct neural pathways convey distinct visual information to Drosophila mushroom bodies

    Katrin Vogt et al.
    Building on previous work (Vogt et al. 2014), separate visual pathways have been identified to convey information for brightness and color to the learning-related area of the Drosophila brain.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Embryo polarity in moth flies and mosquitoes relies on distinct old genes with localized transcript isoforms

    Yoseop Yoon et al.
    Isoform-specific transcript localization underlies the evolutionary diversity of anterior axis determinants in embryos of dipteran insects.
    1. Neuroscience

    Humans can efficiently look for but not select multiple visual objects

    Eduard Ort et al.
    During search for multiple targets, individuals can efficiently prepare to select multiple target objects simultaneously, but the actual selection of those objects from the sensory input is limited.
  1. Nuclear pore assembly proceeds by an inside-out extrusion of the nuclear envelope

    Shotaro Otsuka et al.
    Nuclear pores assemble asymmetrically, by an inside-out evagination of the inner nuclear membrane that grows in diameter and depth until it fuses with the flat outer nuclear membrane.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Binocular rivalry reveals an out-of-equilibrium neural dynamics suited for decision-making

    Robin Cao et al.
    The statistics of binocular rivalry at different combinations of image contrast is reproduced quantitatively by competing out-of-equilibrium populations of independent neural assemblies with idealized attractor dynamics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mushroom body output neurons encode valence and guide memory-based action selection in Drosophila

    Yoshinori Aso et al.
    Output neurons in the mushroom body of the fruit fly brain encode the positive or negative survival value of stimuli, enabling insects to choose adaptive approach and avoidance behaviors through associative learning.

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