3,754 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Asymmetric ON-OFF processing of visual motion cancels variability induced by the structure of natural scenes

    Juyue Chen et al.
    The fruit fly estimates visual motion by incorporating ON-OFF asymmetric processing that only improves performance when stimuli have light-dark asymmetries matched to natural scenes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    An ancient germ cell-specific RNA-binding protein protects the germline from cryptic splice site poisoning

    Ingrid Ehrmann et al.
    Cell division by meiosis during sperm production depends on expression of an RNA-binding protein that prevents abnormal RNA-processing pathways.
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrated externally and internally generated task predictions jointly guide cognitive control in prefrontal cortex

    Jiefeng Jiang et al.
    The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex integrates concurrent externally and internally generated predictions of task demand to guide information processing, while the medial prefrontal cortex corrects its prediction error based on actual task demand.
    1. Neuroscience

    Perceptual decisions are biased by the cost to act

    Nobuhiro Hagura et al.
    When choosing between stimuli, the effort required to act on the resulting decision influences the processing of the stimuli themselves.
    1. Neuroscience

    Short-term plasticity at cerebellar granule cell to molecular layer interneuron synapses expands information processing

    Kevin Dorgans et al.
    Molecular, structural and functional diversity of cerebellar granule cell inputs on single molecular layer interneurons extends information processing in feed-forward inhibition microcircuits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Orbitofrontal neurons signal sensory associations underlying model-based inference in a sensory preconditioning task

    Brian F Sadacca et al.
    Neural activity in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) represents incidental stimulus-stimulus associations, providing additional evidence for OFC having a role in cognition beyond functions centered on processing value or biological significance.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Head-to-tail interactions of the coiled-coil domains regulate ClpB activity and cooperation with Hsp70 in protein disaggregation

    Marta Carroni et al.
    Overcoming image-processing problems in the analysis of the ClpB chaperone provides a new structural model and regulatory mechanism, based on clear density for the coiled-coil domain and supported by various biochemical data.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    cisTEM, user-friendly software for single-particle image processing

    Timothy Grant et al.
    cisTEM enables fast processing of single-particle cryo-EM data on CPU-based workstations and is easily accessible to new users.
    1. Neuroscience

    Local cortical desynchronization and pupil-linked arousal differentially shape brain states for optimal sensory performance

    Leonhard Waschke et al.
    The momentary levels of local cortical desynchronization and pupil-linked arousal pose dissociable influences not only on the processing of sensory information but also on human perceptual performance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavioural and neural signatures of perceptual decision-making are modulated by pupil-linked arousal

    Jochem van Kempen et al.
    A direct relationship between pupil diameter and electrophysiological correlates of attention, sensory stimulus processing and target detection was observed demonstrating that arousal has a substantial influence on perceptual decision-making.

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