175 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Protein-mediated RNA folding governs sequence-specific interactions between rotavirus genome segments

    Alexander Borodavka et al.
    In rotaviruses, the selective packaging of eleven distinct genomic RNA segments requires virus-encoded protein NSP2 to alter the RNA structures, facilitating their interactions with each other.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Nanoresolution real-time 3D orbital tracking for studying mitochondrial trafficking in vertebrate axons in vivo

    Fabian Wehnekamp et al.
    The ability to follow single objects in 3D in a living organism with high spatiotemporal resolution opens new possibilities for quantitative biophysical studies of complex systems in their physiological context.
    1. Plant Biology

    The plant pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa triggers a DELLA-dependent seed germination arrest in Arabidopsis

    Hicham Chahtane et al.
    Arabidopsis seed germination can be repressed by a Pseudomonas factor.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The zinc-finger transcription factor Hindsight regulates ovulation competency of Drosophila follicles

    Lylah D Deady et al.
    Hindsight/RREB-1 plays a conserved role in follicle maturation and ovulation by sequential upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase and adrenergic receptor in follicle cells.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Cell Biology

    Side-binding proteins modulate actin filament dynamics

    Alvaro H Crevenna et al.
    The kinetics of actin polymerization are strongly influenced by the binding of proteins to the lateral filament surface.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Neuronal octopamine signaling regulates mating-induced germline stem cell increase in female Drosophila melanogaster

    Yuto Yoshinari et al.
    Genetic analyses using the fruit fly illustrate how neuronal system couples germline stem cell increase to an external cue, which is mating, through stem cell niche signaling.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The kinase DYRK1A reciprocally regulates the differentiation of Th17 and regulatory T cells

    Bernard Khor et al.
    A chemical biology approach has identified the kinase DYRK1A as a new regulator of the inflammatory response.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Drivers and sites of diversity in the DNA adenine methylomes of 93 Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex clinical isolates

    Samuel J Modlin et al.
    Fully assembled DNA methylomes from phylogeographically diverse clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates reveals 'intercellular mosaic methylation' as a source of epigenetic diversity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The Wg and Dpp morphogens regulate gene expression by modulating the frequency of transcriptional bursts

    Rachael Bakker et al.
    Experimental results in Drosophila support a model in which gene expression is fundamentally controlled by morphogens tuning the same transcription parameter for genes that are expressed in highly diverse patterns.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Cambrian origin for vertebrate rods

    Sabrina Asteriti et al.
    Several key functional features of jawed vertebrate rods are also present in lamprey photoreceptors, indicating that our Cambrian ancestors possessed dim light vision.

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