77 results found
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Protein-mediated RNA folding governs sequence-specific interactions between rotavirus genome segments

    Alexander Borodavka et al.
    In rotaviruses, the selective packaging of eleven distinct genomic RNA segments requires virus-encoded protein NSP2 to alter the RNA structures, facilitating their interactions with each other.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    The genetic basis for ecological adaptation of the Atlantic herring revealed by genome sequencing

    Alvaro Martinez Barrio et al.
    Whole genome sequencing of 19 populations of Atlantic and Baltic herring reveals hundreds of individual loci underlying adaptation to a low salinity niche or timing of reproduction.
    1. Neuroscience

    The neuropeptide tachykinin is essential for pheromone detection in a gustatory neural circuit

    Shruti Shankar et al.
    The cellular and molecular substrates that underlie the programmed behavioral response to a gustatory sex pheromone have been identified.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Evaluating mesenchymal stem cell therapy for sepsis with preclinical meta-analyses prior to initiating a first-in-human trial

    Manoj M Lalu et al.
    A rigorous and transparent evaluation of mesenchymal stem cell therapy for sepsis suggests it may be efficacious, although the strength of these findings is tempered by threats to validity in the studies that were included.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Golgi-independent secretory trafficking through recycling endosomes in neuronal dendrites and spines

    Aaron B Bowen et al.
    Neurons use a non-canonical secretory network to deliver select proteins to postsynaptic sites in dendrites.
    1. Neuroscience

    A spiral attractor network drives rhythmic locomotion

    Angela M Bruno et al.
    The neural population of the Aplysia's pedal ganglion are a low-dimensional spiral attractor, and the parameters of the attractor directly define the properties of the Aplysia's escape locomotion behaviour.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Architecture of the ring formed by the tubulin homologue FtsZ in bacterial cell division

    Piotr Szwedziak et al.
    The architecture of the bacterial cytokinetic ring in cells and in artificial liposome reconstitutions has been described using electron microscopy, leading to a mechanism of constriction.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mitochondrial Rab GAPs govern autophagosome biogenesis during mitophagy

    Koji Yamano et al.
    Two GAP proteins bound to mitochondria regulate the enyzme Rab7, and thereby the expansion of the isolation membrane during mitophagy, downstream of PINK1 and Parkin, two proteins that are mutated in familial Parkinson's disease.
    1. Biochemistry
    2. Neuroscience

    Complementary shifts in photoreceptor spectral tuning unlock the full adaptive potential of ultraviolet vision in birds

    Matthew B Toomey et al.
    Birds that see ultraviolet light tune the sensitivity of their short-wavelength photoreceptors with colored filters to maximize the number of colors they can see.
    1. Cell Biology

    Akt1-Inhibitor of DNA binding2 is essential for growth cone formation and axon growth and promotes central nervous system axon regeneration

    Hyo Rim Ko et al.
    Akt mediated S14 phosphorylation of Id2 augments its protein stability and growth cone localization, promoting growth cone formation and axon growth in the developing neuron and contributing to axon regeneration in the damaged hippocampus slice.

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