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    1. Neuroscience

    Control of entropy in neural models of environmental state

    Timothy H Muller et al.
    Evidence for neuromodulatory control of flexibility in human neural models.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oxytocin promotes coordinated out-group attack during intergroup conflict in humans

    Hejing Zhang et al.
    Humans intranasally administered the neuropeptide oxytocin waste less and earn more spoils during intergroup conflict because oxytocin enables group members to better coordinate strategic attacking of out-groups.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Fast retrieval and autonomous regulation of single spontaneously recycling synaptic vesicles

    Jeremy Leitz, Ege T Kavalali
    Spontaneous fusion of vesicles at synapses is regulated independently of fusion triggered by action potentials, adding to evidence that the two types of fusion have distinct functions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oxytocin modulates human chemosensory decoding of sex in a dose-dependent manner

    Kepu Chen et al.
    Oxytocin, but not the structurally similar vasopressin, modulates both the chemosensory decoding of femininity in straight men and that of masculinity in gay men in an inverted-U-shaped manner.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Local emergence in Amazonia of Plasmodium falciparum k13 C580Y mutants associated with in vitro artemisinin resistance

    Luana C Mathieu et al.
    The de novo selection of a mutation responsible for Plasmodium falciparum in vitro artemisinin resistance is confirmed in Guyana, making artemisinin combination therapies vulnerable to complete resistance in this region.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Origin and evolution of transporter substrate specificity within the NPF family

    Morten Egevang Jørgensen et al.
    Phylogenetic and biochemical analyses reveals a shared evolutionary path between biosynthesis and transport of defense metabolites in plants.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bayesian inference of population prevalence

    Robin AA Ince et al.
    Bayesian estimation of the proportion of the population that would show an effect in an experiment provides a broadly applicable alternative to standard null hypothesis tests on the population mean with several advantages.
    1. Neuroscience

    A mechanism in agrin signaling revealed by a prevalent Rapsyn mutation in congenital myasthenic syndrome

    Guanglin Xing et al.
    Asparagine 88 to lysine (N88K), a prevalent congenital myasthenic syndrome mutation of Rapsyn, impairs the neuromuscular junction by disrupting agrin signaling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The COMA complex interacts with Cse4 and positions Sli15/Ipl1 at the budding yeast inner kinetochore

    Josef Fischböck-Halwachs et al.
    The chromosomal passenger complex interacts with the inner kinetochore COMA complex through the Ctf19 C-terminus in vitro which is shown to be important for mediating accurate chromosome segregation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vacillation, indecision and hesitation in moment-by-moment decoding of monkey motor cortex

    Matthew T Kaufman et al.
    Trial-by-trial analysis of neuronal activity in monkeys performing a decision-making task reveals the neural correlates of behaviours including wavering, hesitation and sudden changes of mind.