134 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Extracellular matrix-inducing Sox9 promotes both basal progenitor proliferation and gliogenesis in developing neocortex

    Ayse Güven et al.
    Transcription factor Sox9 has an important role in neocortex expansion, where its expression in basal progenitors increases proliferation, induces premature gliogenesis and promotes the expression of extracellular matrix components.
    1. Neuroscience

    Proteome profile of peripheral myelin in healthy mice and in a neuropathy model

    Sophie B Siems et al.
    A comprehensive compendium of myelin proteins in the peripheral nervous system has been created, alongside a method to address molecular diversity of myelin sheaths in health and disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Noninvasive quantification of axon radii using diffusion MRI

    Jelle Veraart et al.
    Cell-specific architectural properties such as the axon diameter of the white matter of the human brain can be quantified accurately and non-invasively using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging.
    1. Neuroscience

    CXCL12-induced rescue of cortical dendritic spines and cognitive flexibility

    Lindsay K Festa et al.
    Unveiling a novel role of the chemokine CXCL12 in the mature brain that opens up new lines of investigation for the development of therapeutics against cognitive impairment.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Endothelial heterogeneity across distinct vascular beds during homeostasis and inflammation

    Ankit Jambusaria et al.
    Vascular endothelial cells in the brain, heart and lung exhibit tissue-specific heterogeneity and plasticity, expressing genes that were traditionally thought to be only expressed by the surrounding parenchymal tissue cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A Fyn biosensor reveals pulsatile, spatially localized kinase activity and signaling crosstalk in live mammalian cells

    Ananya Mukherjee et al.
    Unique biosensor design and protein-engineering enables direct visualization of the active form of Fyn kinase with high specificity, minimal perturbation and shows cellular signaling to be compartmentalized and pulsatile.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Understanding the glioblastoma immune microenvironment as basis for the development of new immunotherapeutic strategies

    Ana Rita Pombo Antunes et al.
    The heterogeneity of immune cell types in glioblastoma tumors depends on the tumor's genetic make-up and treatment status and is an incompletely mined source of novel therapeutic targets.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gab1 mediates PDGF signaling and is essential to oligodendrocyte differentiation and CNS myelination

    Liang Zhou et al.
    Gab1 is a key downstream effector of PDGF signaling and essential to oligodendrocyte differentiation by linking PDGF signaling with GSK3β/β-catenin module.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Comprehensive transcriptome analysis of cochlear spiral ganglion neurons at multiple ages

    Chao Li et al.
    RNA-Seq analysis and in vivo validation via genetic approach uncover that Scrt2 and Celf4 are expressed in inner ear auditory neurons throughout development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The Ormdl genes regulate the sphingolipid synthesis pathway to ensure proper myelination and neurologic function in mice

    Benjamin A Clarke et al.
    The ORMDL proteins function to restrain the de novo sphingolipid biosynthetic pathway during myelination, when there is a high demand for sphingolipids to prevent excessive accumulation of metabolic intermediates.

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