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    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Differential accumulation of storage bodies with aging defines discrete subsets of microglia in the healthy brain

    Jeremy Carlos Burns et al.
    Two novel subsets of microglia identified by their unique autofluorescence profiles differ in their subcellular organization, proteomic signatures and in their response to aging and lysosomal dysfunction.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Sequentially induced motor neurons from human fibroblasts facilitate locomotor recovery in a rodent spinal cord injury model

    Hyunah Lee et al.
    Sequential introduction of transcription factors enables large-scale generation of induced motor neurons (iMNs) from human somatic cells, and transplantation of iMNs exhibit therapeutic effects in spinal cord injury model.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Formin-like 1 mediates effector T cell trafficking to inflammatory sites to enable T cell-mediated autoimmunity

    Scott B Thompson et al.
    Lymphocyte migration and autoimmunity induction rely on Formin-like 1-mediated actin network remodeling to push the lymphocyte nucleus through restrictive endothelial barriers.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mature oligodendrocytes bordering lesions limit demyelination and favor myelin repair via heparan sulfate production

    Magali Macchi et al.
    Heparan sulfate synthesis by mature oligodendrocytes creates a protective and permissive environment controling microglia and oligodendrocyte progenitors reactivation during remyelination.
    1. Neuroscience

    Remyelination alters the pattern of myelin in the cerebral cortex

    Jennifer Orthmann-Murphy et al.
    Regeneration of oligodendrocytes in the cerebral cortex results in reorganization of the pattern of myelination, potentially impacting information processing within cortical networks in diseases such as multiple sclerosis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Maf and Mafb control mouse pallial interneuron fate and maturation through neuropsychiatric disease gene regulation

    Emily Ling-Lin Pai et al.
    Maf and Mafb differentially regulate MGE-derived cortical and hippocampal interneuron subtype and regional fate in part through promoting the expression of Mef2c and Pnoc during mouse embryonic neurogenesis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Regulation of nerve growth and patterning by cell surface protein disulphide isomerase

    Geoffrey MW Cook et al.
    The nerve growth-repellent activity that generates spinal nerve repeat-patterning in birds and mammals is identified at the molecular level, and a similar system is revealed in adult brain grey matter.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional specification of CCK+ interneurons by alternative isoforms of Kv4.3 auxiliary subunits

    Viktor János Oláh et al.
    Single cell RNA, protein and electrophysiology data revealed that combinatorial availability of three auxiliary subunit isoforms of a single ion channel is sufficient for generating distinct, input frequency-sensitive firing phenotypes.
    1. Neuroscience

    TUBB4A mutations result in both glial and neuronal degeneration in an H-ABC leukodystrophy mouse model

    Sunetra Sase et al.
    H-ABC leukodystrophy results in neurologic decline, hypomyelination and atrophy of the striatum and cerebellum and Tubb4aD249N/D249Nmouse model recapitulates features of H-ABC disease, providing an important tool for therapeutic development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Brain aging comprises many modes of structural and functional change with distinct genetic and biophysical associations

    Stephen M Smith et al.
    Imaging of structure and function in the brain from thousands of participants was used along with genetics and biophysical measures to study many different aspects of how the brain ages.