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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    An ER translocon for multi-pass membrane protein biogenesis

    Philip T McGilvray et al.
    A set of ER-localized membrane proteins whose loss causes developmental diseases in humans, assemble with Sec61 into a translocon that facilitates the biogenesis of hundreds of different multi-pass membrane proteins.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mouse Tmem135 mutation reveals a mechanism involving mitochondrial dynamics that leads to age-dependent retinal pathologies

    Wei-Hua Lee et al.
    The murine protein TMEM135 is a critical link between aging and age-dependent diseases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Pyrophosphate modulates plant stress responses via SUMOylation

    M Görkem Patir-Nebioglu et al.
    In vivo inhibition of SUMO activating E1-enzymes by pyrophosphate reveals a mode of integrating metabolism and stress tolerance that is conserved across kingdoms.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural mechanism for contextualizing fragmented inputs during naturalistic vision

    Daniel Kaiser et al.
    In scene-selective occipital cortex and within 200 ms of processing, visual inputs are sorted according to their typical spatial position within a scene.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Changes of mitochondrial ultrastructure and function during ageing in mice and Drosophila

    Tobias Brandt et al.
    Respiratory activity and inner membrane organisation of mitochondria from Drosophila melanogaster break down during ageing, but mouse heart mitochondria appear to be protected against age-related damage.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Tim29 is a novel subunit of the human TIM22 translocase and is involved in complex assembly and stability

    Yilin Kang et al.
    A novel and metazoan-specific protein, Tim29, is identified as a subunit of the human TIM22 complex and shown to function in the assembly of hTim22 and facilitate contacts with the TOM complex.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    General principles for the formation and proliferation of a wall-free (L-form) state in bacteria

    Romain Mercier et al.
    A wide range of bacterial species can switch into a cell wall-free state that does not require the FtsZ-based division machinery to proliferate.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insights into the mechanism of the DEAH-box RNA helicase Prp43

    Marcel J Tauchert et al.
    The structural and functional analysis of the ATP-dependent RNA helicase Prp43 provides insights into the mechanisms of RNA binding and translocation, which could serve as paradigm for all DEAH-box proteins.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Estrogen receptor alpha in the brain mediates tamoxifen-induced changes in physiology in mice

    Zhi Zhang et al.
    Estrogen receptor alpha in the hypothalamus is required for the effects of chronic tamoxifen treament on gene expression, thermoregulation, bone, and movement in mice.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Species-specific maturation profiles of human, chimpanzee and bonobo neural cells

    Maria C Marchetto et al.
    Using iPSCs as a model to study neurodevelopmental differences between human and nonhuman primates lays the groundwork for understanding aspects of human brain evolution and neurological disease susceptibility.