103 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Maturation of Purkinje cell firing properties relies on neurogenesis of excitatory neurons

    Meike E van der Heijden et al.
    Intersectional genetics show that excitatory neurons are essential for the functional and anatomical maturation of cerebellar circuits in mice.
    1. Developmental Biology

    An adhesion G protein-coupled receptor is required in cartilaginous and dense connective tissues to maintain spine alignment

    Zhaoyang Liu et al.
    The regulation of the biomechanical properties of tendons/ligaments is essential for the maintenance of spine alignment in the mouse.
    1. Neuroscience

    Preserved sensory processing but hampered conflict detection when stimulus input is task-irrelevant

    Stijn Adriaan Nuiten et al.
    When all features of conflicting sensory input are task-irrelevant, the brain can still process its sensory information, whereas conflict detection requires that minimally one stimulus feature is task-relevant or associated with a response.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Place-cell capacity and volatility with grid-like inputs

    Man Yi Yim et al.
    A very large number of place-field maps can be robustly learned by association of external cues with the grid-driven response, however plasticity in the grid-cell inputs renders the place-cell responses volatile.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mapping brain-behavior space relationships along the psychosis spectrum

    Jie Lisa Ji et al.
    A data-reduced neuro-behavioral geometry in psychosis spectrum disorders mapped symptoms stably on to distinct functional brain regions and offers a framework for informing personalized treatment selection decisions.
    1. Medicine

    7,8-Dihydroxyflavone modulates bone formation and resorption and ameliorates ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis

    Fan Xue et al.
    In vitro and in vivo studies highlight the dual regulatory effects that 7,8-dihydroxyflavone exerts on bone formation and resorption.
    1. Medicine

    Dual targeting of salt inducible kinases and CSF1R uncouples bone formation and bone resorption

    Cheng-Chia Tang et al.
    Simultaneous inhibition of two distinct kinase targets stimulates bone formation without concurrently increasing bone resorption, therefore representing a promising new treatment strategy for osteoporosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Microtubule reorganization during female meiosis in C. elegans

    Ina Lantzsch et al.
    Structural rearrangements of meiotic spindles during the transition from metaphase to anaphase can be controlled by local changes of microtubule dynamics, such as nucleation and/or turnover, and that katanin promotes microtubule turnover by severing microtubules near the chromosomes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Start codon disruption with CRISPR/Cas9 prevents murine Fuchs’ endothelial corneal dystrophy

    Hironori Uehara et al.
    Adenoviral CRISPR/Cas9 gene knockdown of mutant Col8a2 achieves structural and functional rescue of murine Fuchs’ endothelial corneal dystrophy, the first demonstration of post-mitotic CRISPR-based knockdown for phenotypic restoration.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Genetic variation, environment and demography intersect to shape Arabidopsis defense metabolite variation across Europe

    Ella Katz et al.
    Measurements of specialized metabolites across a population of 800 natural Arabidopsis thaliana accessions revealed different pressures and evolutionary processes that shaped their variation and distribution across Europe.

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