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2,280 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The ribosomal P-stalk couples amino acid starvation to GCN2 activation in mammalian cells

    Heather P Harding et al.
    Genetic lesions that compromise the ribosome P-stalk implicate direct signalling from the ribosome to the translation initiation factor eIF2 kinase GCN2 in the cellular response to amino acid starvation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanism of completion of peptidyltransferase centre assembly in eukaryotes

    Vasileios Kargas et al.
    Cryo-EM reveals how the central functional site of the ribosome is assembled and provides a framework to interpret the consequences of mutations linked to leukaemia-associated ribosomopathies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Electrocorticographic dissociation of alpha and beta rhythmic activity in the human sensorimotor system

    Arjen Stolk et al.
    Direct cortical recordings in humans link the spectral structure of local field potentials to inhibition/disinhibition mechanisms coordinating sensorimotor neuronal populations during movement imagery.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A new view of transcriptome complexity and regulation through the lens of local splicing variations

    Jorge Vaquero-Garcia et al.
    New methods reveal that complex local splicing variations are more prevalent in animals than previously appreciated, and demonstrate that local splicing variations are relevant for studies of development, gene regulation and neurodegenerative diseases.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    A computational interactome and functional annotation for the human proteome

    José Ignacio Garzón et al.
    A machine-learning approach is used to predict 1.35 million interactions for 85% of the human proteome.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Successful transmission and transcriptional deployment of a human chromosome via mouse male meiosis

    Christina Ernst et al.
    Transmission of an entire human chromosome through the mouse male germline reveals an unexpectedly high tolerance of aneuploidy during male meiosis and results in accurate transcriptional deployment despite massive epigenetic remodeling during spermatogenesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Plasmodium falciparum translational machinery condones polyadenosine repeats

    Slavica Pavlovic Djuranovic et al.
    Adaptations in protein synthesis and mRNA surveillance machinery enabled the malaria-causing parasite P. falciparum to efficiently and accurately translate long polyA nucleotide runs into long poly-lysine peptides.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Genome-wide effects of the antimicrobial peptide apidaecin on translation termination in bacteria

    Kyle Mangano et al.
    Inhibition of bacterial protein synthesis by an antimicrobial peptide apidaecin triggers translation arrest at the stop codons, ribosome queuing and pervasive stop codon readthrough.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glial insulin regulates cooperative or antagonistic Golden goal/Flamingo interactions during photoreceptor axon guidance

    Hiroki Takechi et al.
    Timely regulation of growth cone dynamics, including filopodial and cytoskeletal rearrangements through phosphorylation signals from glial cells, shapes the photoreceptor axon targeting.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Fatty acid β-oxidation is required for the differentiation of larval hematopoietic progenitors in Drosophila

    Satish Kumar Tiwari et al.
    Genetic and molecular analyses reveal the decisive role of fatty acid oxidation (FAO) acting downstream to the ROS-JNK circuit essential for hemocyte progenitor differentiation in Drosophila..

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