1,962 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A single K+-binding site in the crystal structure of the gastric proton pump

    Kenta Yamamoto et al.
    Crystal structures provide structural rationales for the transport stoichiometry of the gastric proton pump, which suffices the energy requirement for the generation of a million-fold proton gradient across the membrane.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The magnesium transporter A is activated by cardiolipin and is highly sensitive to free magnesium in vitro

    Saranya Subramani et al.
    A magnesium transporter from Escherichia coli depends strongly on the lipid cardiolipin and acts both as a sensor and a transporter of magnesium.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Science Forum: An open investigation of the reproducibility of cancer biology research

    Timothy M Errington et al.
    The Reproducibility Project: Cancer Biology will generate a high-quality dataset to explore questions about the reproducibility of research, and will make all data, analysis and other research materials openly available to the research community.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Optical estimation of absolute membrane potential using fluorescence lifetime imaging

    Julia R Lazzari-Dean et al.
    Fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy, paired with fluorescent, voltage-sensitive dyes, provides a method for measuring and quantifying membrane potentials of living cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Apolipoprotein M-bound sphingosine-1-phosphate regulates blood–brain barrier paracellular permeability and transcytosis

    Mette Mathiesen Janiurek et al.
    Shortage of blood-borne apolipoprotein-M–bound sphingosine-1-phosphate, which accompanies various brain disorders, causes paracellular leak and increase in transcytosis at the blood–brain barrier, which can be reversed, thus is of clinical relevance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional clustering of dendritic activity during decision-making

    Aaron Kerlin et al.
    In motor cortex pyramidal neurons, diverse task-related signals are distributed throughout the dendritic arbor and compartmentalized by dendritic distance and branching.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Viral miRNA adaptor differentially recruits miRNAs to target mRNAs through alternative base-pairing

    Carlos Gorbea et al.
    iRICC, a new method to identify RNA-RNA interactions in vivo, provides mechanistic insight into the function of a viral non-coding RNA.
    1. Cell Biology

    The Caenorhabditis elegans Tubby homolog dynamically modulates olfactory cilia membrane morphogenesis and phospholipid composition

    Danielle DiTirro et al.
    A Tubby protein regulates ciliary membrane morphology and phosphoinositide composition in a context-dependent manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    Presenilin/γ-secretase-dependent EphA3 processing mediates axon elongation through non-muscle myosin IIA

    Míriam Javier-Torrent et al.
    EphA signaling plays dual opposite roles on axon dynamics in neurons, so it inhibits and promotes axon growth through ligand binding and receptor processing, respectively.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Translational regulation of protrusion-localized RNAs involves silencing and clustering after transport

    Konstadinos Moissoglu et al.
    RNAs enriched at cell protrusions are translated regardless of their location in the cytoplasm but are dynamically repressed in retracting protrusions and incorporated into heterogeneous RNA clusters.

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