606 results found
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Single-cell analysis of the ventricular-subventricular zone reveals signatures of dorsal and ventral adult neurogenesis

    Arantxa Cebrian-Silla et al.
    Adult neural stem cells differ in the types of neurons they generate according to their location and new territories and genes associated with dorsal and ventral neurogenic lineages in the adult mouse brain are revealed.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Hsp40s play complementary roles in the prevention of tau amyloid formation

    Rose Irwin et al.
    Chaperones from different families and classes synergistically target different stages of tau aggregation, thus preventing pathological amyloid formation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Scaled, high fidelity electrophysiological, morphological, and transcriptomic cell characterization

    Brian R Lee et al.
    High-quality, multimodal, electrophysiological, morphological, and transcriptomic data collection from a single cell using a refined Patch-seq protocol.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Large-scale phenotypic drug screen identifies neuroprotectants in zebrafish and mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa

    Liyun Zhang et al.
    Using a cross-species phenotypic drug discovery pipeline, compounds promoting rod photoreceptor survival in zebrafish and mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa were identified, evidence of additive effects of paired compounds and inhibition of PARP-dependent cell death suggest novel therapeutic strategies.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Contrasting effects of Western vs Mediterranean diets on monocyte inflammatory gene expression and social behavior in a primate model

    Corbin SC Johnson et al.
    Modern human diet patterns alter primate behavior and monocyte gene expression leading to monocyte polarization–experimental evidence of the evolutionary mismatch hypothesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Separable neural signatures of confidence during perceptual decisions

    Tarryn Balsdon et al.
    Neural processes for perception and confidence can be separated thanks to computational electroencephalography, thus revealing a neural circuit specific to metacognition.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Hybrid protein assembly-histone modification mechanism for PRC2-based epigenetic switching and memory

    Cecilia Lövkvist et al.
    Extra protein memory storage elements with positive feedbacks, in addition to histone modifications, can explain epigenetic switching and memory at the PRC2 target gene FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC).
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Disintegration promotes protospacer integration by the Cas1-Cas2 complex

    Chien-Hui Ma et al.
    Disintegration, regarded as an abortive side reaction antithetical to DNA transposition, can promote protospacer integration at the CRISPR locus via DNA repair pathways.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Single-cell analysis of mosquito hemocytes identifies signatures of immune cell subtypes and cell differentiation

    Hyeogsun Kwon et al.
    Single-cell RNA-seq analysis reveals an increased complexity of mosquito hemocytes, enabling the functional and molecular characterization of immune cell sub-populations in Anopheles gambiae.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Naa12 compensates for Naa10 in mice in the amino-terminal acetylation pathway

    Hyae Yon Kweon et al.
    Mice doubly deficient for Naa10 and Naa12 display embryonic lethality, with both enzymes compensating for each other with amino-terminal acetylation of proteins in mouse development.

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