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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Motility precedes egress of malaria parasites from oocysts

    Dennis Klug, Friedrich Frischknecht
    A surface protein triggers intra-oocyst motility of Plasmodium sporozoites to ensure parasite egress from oocysts.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Beam-induced motion correction for sub-megadalton cryo-EM particles

    Sjors HW Scheres
    Building on previous work (Bai et al., 2013), we describe an algorithm that allows cryo-EM structure determination to near-atomic resolution for protein complexes as small as 170 kDa.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Expression site attenuation mechanistically links antigenic variation and development in Trypanosoma brucei

    Christopher Batram et al.
    The VSG gene controls its monoallelic expression, and expression site activity determines developmental progression.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A micro-epidemiological analysis of febrile malaria in Coastal Kenya showing hotspots within hotspots

    Philip Bejon et al.
    Malaria 'hotspots' can be identified that range in size from a few homesteads to a village, and it will be necessary to eliminate hotspots at varying scales as we progress towards eliminating malaria.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Two complement receptor one alleles have opposing associations with cerebral malaria and interact with α+thalassaemia

    D Herbert Opi et al.
    Analysis of a large Kenyan dataset may resolve previously conflicting studies by identifying polymorphisms which interact to modify the risk of cerebral malaria.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Identification of cryptic subunits from an apicomplexan ATP synthase

    Diego Huet et al.
    A phylum-specific ATP synthase subunit is needed for proper mitochondrial function and stability of the complex in Toxoplasma gondii.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A discriminator code–based DTD surveillance ensures faithful glycine delivery for protein biosynthesis in bacteria

    Santosh Kumar Kuncha et al.
    Using bioinformatic and biochemical approaches, the study has explained the discriminator base anomaly in bacterial tRNA(Gly) through identification of the key determinant of DTD specificity.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The Anopheles gambiae 2La chromosome inversion is associated with susceptibility to Plasmodium falciparum in Africa

    Michelle M Riehle et al.
    A common chromosome inversion in African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae) is associated with differences in malaria infection, adult resting behavior and ecology, and may aid the most efficient vectors to evade malaria control.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Blood-stage immunity to Plasmodium chabaudi malaria following chemoprophylaxis and sporozoite immunization

    Wiebke Nahrendorf et al.
    A novel mouse model of immunization against Plasmodium chabaudi involving infectious mosquito bites and drug-treatment elicits protection against blood-stage malaria parasites, and shows that protection is not necessarily life cycle stage-specific.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Malaria-associated atypical memory B cells exhibit markedly reduced B cell receptor signaling and effector function

    Silvia Portugal et al.
    Atypical memory B cells (MBCs) appear to differentiate from classical MBCs during chronic exposure to the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum, and may interfere with the acquisition of immunity to the disease.