47 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Rapid and iterative genome editing in the malaria parasite Plasmodium knowlesi provides new tools for P. vivax research

    Franziska Mohring et al.
    Optimised genome editing in P. knowlesi enables transgenic expression of a lead P. vivax vaccine candidate, revealing roles in host cell tropisms and providing tools for scalable vaccine efficacy testing.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Malaria: Cracking Ali Baba’s code

    Oliver Billker
    A protein called P36 holds the key to how different species of malaria parasite invade liver cells.
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasmodium P36 determines host cell receptor usage during sporozoite invasion

    Giulia Manzoni et al.
    Host CD81 and Scavenger Receptor BI operate independently to mediate invasion of hepatocytes by different species of Plasmodium sporozoites, which use the parasite protein P36 as a key determinant of the entry route.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Identification of highly-protective combinations of Plasmodium vivax recombinant proteins for vaccine development

    Camila Tenorio França et al.
    Antibody responses to individual and optimal combinations of P. vivax recombinant proteins in naturally-exposed populations help to identify correlates of protective immunity, and establish a clear path to testing a multicomponent P. vivax vaccine.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The complex relationship of exposure to new Plasmodium infections and incidence of clinical malaria in Papua New Guinea

    Natalie E Hofmann et al.
    Under sustained malaria control in PNG, the incidence of distinct blood-stage infections quantifies heterogeneity in transmission, significantly predicting risk of both P. falciparum and P. vivax malaria episodes at a population and individual scale.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Modelling the contribution of the hypnozoite reservoir to Plasmodium vivax transmission

    Michael T White et al.
    Mathematical models of the build-up and depletion of the hypnozoite reservoir in the liver can inform the design of treatment strategies for preventing Plasmodium vivax relapse infections.
    1. Cell Biology

    Single-cell RNA-seq reveals hidden transcriptional variation in malaria parasites

    Adam J Reid et al.
    Plasmodium parasite transcription shifts dramatically along asexual development, and transmission stages variably express important immune evasion genes, suggesting much interesting biology has until now been hidden by bulk analyses.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Motility precedes egress of malaria parasites from oocysts

    Dennis Klug, Friedrich Frischknecht
    A surface protein triggers intra-oocyst motility of Plasmodium sporozoites to ensure parasite egress from oocysts.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TORC2-dependent protein kinase Ypk1 phosphorylates ceramide synthase to stimulate synthesis of complex sphingolipids

    Alexander Muir et al.
    TORC2-Ypk1 signaling upregulates flux through the sphingolipid pathway not only by increasing the supply of long-chain base precursors, but also by increasing their use in synthesizing complex sphingolipids.
    1. Neuroscience

    A cortical disinhibitory circuit for enhancing adult plasticity

    Yu Fu et al.
    Building on previous work (Kaneko and Stryker, 2014), we report that the specific population of inhibitory neurons that increases the responses of neurons in the visual cortex during locomotion will also, when activated or blocked artificially, dramatically alter adult cortical plasticity, revealing that the aerobic exercise of locomotion is not necessary.

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