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    1. Neuroscience

    Two opposite voltage-dependent currents control the unusual early development pattern of embryonic Renshaw cell electrical activity

    Juliette Boeri et al.
    A simple mechanism, based on the synergy of two major opposing voltage-dependent currents that are ubiquitous in neurons, produces functional diversity of developing Renshaw cells in the embryo.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    How subtle changes in 3D structure can create large changes in transcription

    Jordan Yupeng Xiao et al.
    Promoter futile cycles can explain how subtle differences in genome folding sometimes generate large difference in gene expression.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    RNA-dependent stabilization of SUV39H1 at constitutive heterochromatin

    Whitney L Johnson et al.
    SUV39H1 histone methyltransferase directly binds chromosome associated RNA to promote constitutive heterochromatin formation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    GLI transcriptional repression regulates tissue-specific enhancer activity in response to Hedgehog signaling

    Rachel K Lex et al.
    GLI3 represses Hedgehog target gene expression by regulating histone modifications at a subset of tissue-specific GLI-bound enhancers.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    circZNF827 nucleates a transcription inhibitory complex to balance neuronal differentiation

    Anne Kruse Hollensen et al.
    A neuron-specific circular RNA keeps neuronal differentiation in check by lowering transcription rates from key neuronal marker genes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Convalescent COVID-19 patients are susceptible to endothelial dysfunction due to persistent immune activation

    Florence WJ Chioh et al.
    COVID-19 survivors, who are at risk for vascular complications, would benefit from close monitoring and preventive therapy.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A community-maintained standard library of population genetic models

    Jeffrey R Adrion et al.
    The stdpopsim library, a community-driven open source project, is presented which provides easy access to a standard catalog of published simulation models for population genetics aimed at field-wide standardization.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A divergent cyclin/cyclin-dependent kinase complex controls the atypical replication of a malaria parasite during gametogony and transmission

    Aurélia C Balestra et al.
    Multiple steps of the atypical cell cycles underlying Plasmodium gametogony are controlled by a divergent cyclin/cyclin-dependent complex.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Cholesterol accessibility at the ciliary membrane controls hedgehog signaling

    Maia Kinnebrew et al.
    The patched hedgehog receptor inhibits the transmembrane transducer smoothened by reducing the accessibility of cholesterol locally at the membrane of the primary cilium.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome-wide quantification of the effects of DNA methylation on human gene regulation

    Amanda J Lea et al.
    mSTARR-seq identifies regions of the genome where DNA methylation causally impacts gene expression, providing a map of which epigenetic marks may influence trait variation.