451 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cyclin Kinase-independent role of p21CDKN1A in the promotion of nascent DNA elongation in unstressed cells

    Sabrina F Mansilla et al.
    A new tumor suppressor function of p21, needed at each undamaged duplication cycle, ensures the adequate execution of the DNA replication program thereby protecting the genome integrity.
    1. Neuroscience

    p21-activated kinase 1 restricts tonic endocannabinoid signaling in the hippocampus

    Shuting Xia et al.
    PAK1 regulates inhibitory synaptic transmission in mice through a cyclooxygenase-2 dependent restriction in tonic, but not phasic, secretion of endocannabinoids.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activity-induced Ca2+ signaling in perisynaptic Schwann cells of the early postnatal mouse is mediated by P2Y1 receptors and regulates muscle fatigue

    Dante J Heredia et al.
    A genetic strategy reveals that the perisynaptic glial response to neural activity in one population of these glia regulates postsynaptic function and therefore muscle fatigue.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Purinergic signaling in cochlear supporting cells reduces hair cell excitability by increasing the extracellular space

    Travis A Babola et al.
    Supporting cells in the cochlea change their shape in response to purinergic receptor activation, which influences hair cell excitability by altering potassium redistribution in the extracellular space.
    1. Neuroscience

    The role of P2Y12 in the kinetics of microglial self-renewal and maturation in the adult visual cortex in vivo

    Monique S Mendes et al.
    Adult microglia are born by the division of single surviving microglia that rapidly acquire mature morphologies and functions in order to perform their physiological roles in the brain.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Pak2 is required for actin cytoskeleton remodeling, TCR signaling, and normal thymocyte development and maturation

    Hyewon Phee et al.
    The p21-activated kinase 2 (Pak2) is an essential regulator that governs the actin cytoskeleton-dependent signaling to ensure normal thymocyte development, maturation and egress.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Endothelial pannexin 1–TRPV4 channel signaling lowers pulmonary arterial pressure in mice

    Zdravka Daneva et al.
    Endothelial pannexin 1-P2Y2 purinergic receptor-TRPV4 channel signaling, facilitated by caveolin-1, is a novel pathway for lowering pulmonary arterial pressure.
    1. Neuroscience

    Astrocytes contribute to synapse elimination via type 2 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor-dependent release of ATP

    Junhua Yang et al.
    Astrocytes regulate the pruning of excitatory synapses during early life through ATP signaling.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Cancer Biology

    Global analysis of p53-regulated transcription identifies its direct targets and unexpected regulatory mechanisms

    Mary Ann Allen et al.
    The first global analysis of the effects of the transcription factor p53 on RNA synthesis illuminates several novels aspects of the molecular mechanism of action of this potent tumor suppressor.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vascular control of the CO2/H+-dependent drive to breathe

    Colin M Cleary et al.
    Understanding how loss of CO2/H+ vascular reactivity affects respiratory control may facilitate development of treatments for breathing problems in this population.

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