350 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cyclin Kinase-independent role of p21CDKN1A in the promotion of nascent DNA elongation in unstressed cells

    Sabrina F Mansilla et al.
    A new tumor suppressor function of p21, needed at each undamaged duplication cycle, ensures the adequate execution of the DNA replication program thereby protecting the genome integrity.
    1. Neuroscience

    p21-activated kinase 1 restricts tonic endocannabinoid signaling in the hippocampus

    Shuting Xia et al.
    PAK1 regulates inhibitory synaptic transmission in mice through a cyclooxygenase-2 dependent restriction in tonic, but not phasic, secretion of endocannabinoids.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Pak2 is required for actin cytoskeleton remodeling, TCR signaling, and normal thymocyte development and maturation

    Hyewon Phee et al.
    The p21-activated kinase 2 (Pak2) is an essential regulator that governs the actin cytoskeleton-dependent signaling to ensure normal thymocyte development, maturation and egress.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activity-induced Ca2+ signaling in perisynaptic Schwann cells of the early postnatal mouse is mediated by P2Y1 receptors and regulates muscle fatigue

    Dante J Heredia et al.
    A genetic strategy reveals that the perisynaptic glial response to neural activity in one population of these glia regulates postsynaptic function and therefore muscle fatigue.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Purinergic signaling in cochlear supporting cells reduces hair cell excitability by increasing the extracellular space

    Travis A Babola et al.
    Supporting cells in the cochlea change their shape in response to purinergic receptor activation, which influences hair cell excitability by altering potassium redistribution in the extracellular space.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Global analysis of p53-regulated transcription identifies its direct targets and unexpected regulatory mechanisms

    Mary Ann Allen et al.
    The first global analysis of the effects of the transcription factor p53 on RNA synthesis illuminates several novels aspects of the molecular mechanism of action of this potent tumor suppressor.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Connexin-43-dependent ATP release mediates macrophage activation during sepsis

    Michel Dosch et al.
    Autocrine activation of macrophages is modulated by Connexin-43-mediated ATP release in response to TLR-4 and -2 agonists in a P2Y1-dependent manner, ultimately determining sepsis survival.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Science Forum: Considerations when investigating lncRNA function in vivo

    Andrew R Bassett et al.
    We discuss the methods available to understand lncRNA function in vivo, and highlight important considerations that should be taken into account when designing such experiments.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Loss of Ptpn11 (Shp2) drives satellite cells into quiescence

    Joscha Griger et al.
    The stem cells of the postnatal muscle allow postnatal muscle growth and repair and withdraw from the cell cycle when the tyrosine phosphatase Ptpn11 (Shp2) is inhibited or mutated in mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    MEF2C regulates cortical inhibitory and excitatory synapses and behaviors relevant to neurodevelopmental disorders

    Adam J Harrington et al.
    Mice that lack the autism- and schizophrenia-linked gene MEF2C in cortical neurons have an imbalance of excitatory and inhibitory synapses, and impaired social and cognitive abilities.

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