286 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Drosophila macrophages switch to aerobic glycolysis to mount effective antibacterial defense

    Gabriela Krejčová et al.
    Activated Drosophila macrophages undergo transient metabolic remodeling towards Hypoxia inducible factor 1 α-driven aerobic glycolysis, a program that induces systemic metabolic changes and is crucial for resistance to infection.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kv2.1 mediates spatial and functional coupling of L-type calcium channels and ryanodine receptors in mammalian neurons

    Nicholas C Vierra et al.
    A potassium channel, as a nonconducting function, organizes compartmentalized neuronal calcium signaling microdomains via structural and functional coupling of plasma membrane and endoplasmic reticulum calcium channels.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Single cell analysis reveals immune cell–adipocyte crosstalk regulating the transcription of thermogenic adipocytes

    Prashant Rajbhandari et al.
    Crosstalk between IL10-producing immune cells and adipocytes within adipose tissue is an important determinant of thermogenesis and systemic energy balance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optical dopamine monitoring with dLight1 reveals mesolimbic phenotypes in a mouse model of neurofibromatosis type 1

    J Elliott Robinson et al.
    Heterozygous Nf1 knockout mice exhibit distinct dopaminergic phenotypes in vivo, as revealed by the genetically encoded dopamine sensor dLight1, patch clamp electrophysiology, optogenetics, and novel viral tools for morphological analysis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    An evolutionary recent IFN/IL-6/CEBP axis is linked to monocyte expansion and tuberculosis severity in humans

    Murilo Delgobo et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis exploits an IFN/IL6/CEBP axis linked to monocyte expansion in humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Peptidoglycan-dependent NF-κB activation in a small subset of brain octopaminergic neurons controls female oviposition

    Ambra Masuzzo et al.
    The universal bacteria cell wall component peptidoglycan impacts the egg-laying behavior of infected Drosophila females by directly modulating the activity of few brain octopaminergic neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural precursors of decisions that matter—an ERP study of deliberate and arbitrary choice

    Uri Maoz et al.
    The readiness potential—a long-established neural precursor of voluntary action claimed to precede the onset of the conscious decision to move—is absent, or at least significantly reduced, for deliberate decisions.
    1. Ecology

    Linking spatial patterns of terrestrial herbivore community structure to trophic interactions

    Jakub Witold Bubnicki et al.
    The spatial interactions between humans, large carnivores and herbivores cascade down in a complex but predictable way to lower trophic levels affecting regeneration of tree species in a temperate forest.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Neighbor predation linked to natural competence fosters the transfer of large genomic regions in Vibrio cholerae

    Noémie Matthey et al.
    Whole-genome sequencing reveals the remarkable extent of horizontally moving genetic material in naturally competent Vibrio cholerae after a prey-killing DNA acquisition process.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    NHR-14 loss of function couples intestinal iron uptake with innate immunity in C. elegans through PQM-1 signaling

    Malini Rajan et al.
    Nuclear receptor NHR-14 regulates the subcellular localization of the zinc transcription factor PQM-1 to coordinate innate immunity with iron sequestration during pathogen infection in C. elegans..

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