8,729 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Reconstruction of Par-dependent polarity in apolar cells reveals a dynamic process of cortical polarization

    Kalyn Kono et al.
    Par-complex-dependent cell polarity can be cell-autonomously conferred to non-polar Drosophila S2 cells, unveiling temporal patterns toward the cortical localization of Par-complex aggregates that include a meshwork containing unit segments.
    1. Cell Biology

    Dynein-mediated transport and membrane trafficking control PAR3 polarised distribution

    Julie Jouette et al.
    In Drosophila oocytes, the exclusion of the scaffold protein PAR3 from the posterior cortex depends on PAR1 and endocytosis, while its anterior localisation requires microtubules and recycling endosomes.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    PAX3-FOXO1 transgenic zebrafish models identify HES3 as a mediator of rhabdomyosarcoma tumorigenesis

    Genevieve C Kendall et al.
    The basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor, HES3, acts downstream of the PAX3-FOXO1 fusion oncogene to impair muscle differentiation and promote tumorigenesis in rhabdomyosarcoma, a childhood muscle cancer.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    ParB spreading on DNA requires cytidine triphosphate in vitro

    Adam SB Jalal et al.
    A biochemical reconstitution shows that the accumulation of Caulobacter crescentus ParB on DNA requires cytidine triphosphate and a closed DNA substrate in vitro.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    ParB dynamics and the critical role of the CTD in DNA condensation unveiled by combined force-fluorescence measurements

    Julene Madariaga-Marcos et al.
    A single-molecule biophysical approach reveals that the C-terminal domain of ParB blocks ParB network formation by heterodimerization with the full-length protein, which remains bound to the DNA.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Epidermal PAR-6 and PKC-3 are essential for larval development of C. elegans and organize non-centrosomal microtubules

    Victoria G Castiglioni et al.
    PAR-6 and PKC-3/aPKC are essential for postembryonic development of C. elegans and control the organization of non-centrosomal microtubule bundles in the epidermis, likely through recruitment of NOCA-1/Ninein.
    1. Neuroscience

    Connectomic analysis reveals an interneuron with an integral role in the retinal circuit for night vision

    Silvia JH Park et al.
    Anatomical and physiological analyses identified an inhibitory interneuron that is an integral part of the rod bipolar cell pathway, the circuit for night vision, of the mammalian retina.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    BRAF activates PAX3 to control muscle precursor cell migration during forelimb muscle development

    Jaeyoung Shin et al.
    Genetic and biochemical approaches identify a new component of the cellular signaling machinery driving migration of limb muscle precursor cells during mouse embryogenesis and reveal the underlying molecular mechanism.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Par3 interacts with Prickle3 to generate apical PCP complexes in the vertebrate neural plate

    Ilya Chuykin et al.
    Par3 is polarized in the plane of the vertebrate neural plate, binds and recruits Prickle3 to the apical membrane and promotes the formation of core planar cell polarity complexes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Non-catalytic motor domains enable processive movement and functional diversification of the kinesin-14 Kar3

    Christine Mieck et al.
    The kinesin-14 motor Kar3 moves along microtubules using a previously undescribed mechanism that critically requires the presence of a non-catalytic head.

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