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    1. Neuroscience

    Cell type-specific transcriptomics of hypothalamic energy-sensing neuron responses to weight-loss

    Fredrick E Henry et al.
    Cell type-specific transcriptomics in energy homeostasis neurons has identified hundreds of genes and multiple signaling pathways that are regulated by weight loss in mice, as well as several previously unexamined genes that can regulate appetite and body weight.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Developmental Biology

    Phrenic-specific transcriptional programs shape respiratory motor output

    Alicia N Vagnozzi et al.
    Molecular programs regulated by Hox5 transcription factors establish a set of inhibitory inputs onto phrenic motor neurons that control the pattern of respiratory motor output.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Science Forum: The single-cell eQTLGen consortium

    MGP van der Wijst et al.
    The single-cell eQTLGen consortium aims to pinpoint the cellular contexts in which disease-causing genetic variants affect gene expression and its regulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Direct modulation of GFAP-expressing glia in the arcuate nucleus bi-directionally regulates feeding

    Naiyan Chen et al.
    Glial fibrillary acidic protein-expressing glia in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus modulate feeding in mice.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrated single-cell analysis unveils diverging immune features of COVID-19, influenza, and other community-acquired pneumonia

    Alex R Schuurman et al.
    Different etiologies of community-acquired pneumonia evoke both shared and diverging immunological responses.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Ancient mechanisms for the evolution of the bicoid homeodomain's function in fly development

    Qinwen Liu et al.
    Transgenic animals carrying reconstructed ancestral alleles reveal how two ancient mutations allowed a regulatory protein to evolve a controlling role in embryonic development in flies.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Atypical memory B-cells are associated with Plasmodium falciparum anemia through anti-phosphatidylserine antibodies

    Juan Rivera-Correa et al.
    The association of atypical memory B-cells and autoimmune antibodies (anti-phosphatidylserine) with hemoglobin levels in malaria patients uncovers a novel mechanism for the human malaria-induced anemia previously identified in mice.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Involvement of the Acyl-CoA binding domain containing 7 in the control of food intake and energy expenditure in mice

    Damien Lanfray et al.
    The Acyl-CoA binding domain-containing 7 (Acbd7) gene is expressed in the hypothalamus, encodes a peptide that suppresses appetite, increases metabolic rate and interacts with the leptin-melanocortin system.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Excitatory transmission onto AgRP neurons is regulated by cJun NH2-terminal kinase 3 in response to metabolic stress

    Santiago Vernia et al.
    Metabolic stress-induced activation of the JNK3 protein regulates excitatory transmission onto AgRP neurons to regulate food consumption.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Predictors of SIV recrudescence following antiretroviral treatment interruption

    Mykola Pinkevych et al.
    The frequency of SIV reactivation from latency after treatment interruption is not directly related to measures of SIV DNA, RNA, immune activation or immune response in peripheral blood.