48 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A conserved morphogenetic mechanism for epidermal ensheathment of nociceptive sensory neurites

    Nan Jiang et al.
    Epidermal cells in vertebrates and invertebrates ensheath portions of somatosensory neurons via a conserved morphogenetic mechanism, and this ensheathment regulates morphogenesis and function of Drosophila nociceptive neurons.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The transpeptidase PBP2 governs initial localization and activity of the major cell-wall synthesis machinery in E. coli

    Gizem Özbaykal et al.
    For initiation of cell-wall insertion, the cross-linking enzyme PBP2 stably binds to a component of the cell envelope that is different from MreB filaments.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cell-wall remodeling drives engulfment during Bacillus subtilis sporulation

    Nikola Ojkic et al.
    Imaging experiments and simulations reveal that the biophysical mechanism for force generation needed to engulf a forespore is based on coordinated cell wall synthesis and degradation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Snf1/AMPK promotes the formation of Kog1/Raptor-bodies to increase the activation threshold of TORC1 in budding yeast

    James E Hughes Hallett et al.
    The key Target of Rapamycin Complex (TORC1) component Kog1 moves into bodies during glucose starvation to limit reactivation of the complex.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Quantitative H2S-mediated protein sulfhydration reveals metabolic reprogramming during the integrated stress response

    Xing-Huang Gao et al.
    ATF4, the master regulator of transcription during the Integrated Stress Response (ISR), causes global changes in cysteine sulfhydration of proteins and this event causes cellular metabolic reprogramming.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The near-atomic cryoEM structure of a flexible filamentous plant virus shows homology of its coat protein with nucleoproteins of animal viruses

    Xabier Agirrezabala et al.
    The high-resolution structure of a filamentous flexible plant virus shows that there is structural homology between its coat protein and the nucleoproteins of an unrelated group of enveloped RNA animal viruses.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    A self-balancing circuit centered on MoOsm1 kinase governs adaptive responses to host-derived ROS in Magnaporthe oryzae

    Xinyu Liu et al.
    A phosphorylation circuitry balancing among kinase, transcription factor, transcription repressor, and phosphatase in response against host immunity during M. oryzae–rice interaction.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Maturing Mycobacterium smegmatis peptidoglycan requires non-canonical crosslinks to maintain shape

    Catherine Baranowski et al.
    Polar elongating mycobacteria (Mycobacterium smegmatis) require specific cell wall chemistries, those catalyzed by targets of critical antibiotics, to maintain rod shape at aging sites of the bacillus.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Septal secretion of protein A in Staphylococcus aureus requires SecA and lipoteichoic acid synthesis

    Wenqi Yu et al.
    Surface protein precursors traffic to lipoteichoic acid-rich septal membranes of Staphylococcus aureus for cleavage of their YSIRK-GXXS motif signal peptides and SecA-mediated translocation across the plasma membrane.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A protein phosphatase network controls the temporal and spatial dynamics of differentiation commitment in human epidermis

    Ajay Mishra et al.
    A combination of transcriptomics, proteomics and modelling identifies a network of interacting protein phosphatases that act as a biological switch to move cells from the stem cell compartment to the differentiated compartment in cultured human epidermis.

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