101 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    A regulatory pathway that selectively up-regulates elongasome function in the absence of class A PBPs

    Yesha Patel et al.
    Balanced peptidoglycan synthesis requires regulators, including sigma-I and WalKR, that coordinate the diffusive action of class A PBPs and the directional motion of the MreB-directed elongasome.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The transpeptidase PBP2 governs initial localization and activity of the major cell-wall synthesis machinery in E. coli

    Gizem Özbaykal et al.
    For initiation of cell-wall insertion, the cross-linking enzyme PBP2 stably binds to a component of the cell envelope that is different from MreB filaments.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A nuclear role for the DEAD-box protein Dbp5 in tRNA export

    Azra Lari et al.
    Within the nucleus, Dbp5p supports tRNA export providing a parallel mechanism by which this conserved DEAD-box protein functions to support eukaryotic gene expression.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Factors essential for L,D-transpeptidase-mediated peptidoglycan cross-linking and β-lactam resistance in Escherichia coli

    Jean-Emmanuel Hugonnet et al.
    Production of the L,D-transpeptidase YcbB and elevated synthesis of the (p)ppGpp alarmone reveals a new mode of peptidoglycan polymerization that bypasses the D,D-transpeptidase activity of PBPs and leads to broad-spectrum β-lactam resistance in Escherichia coli.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global phenotypic profiling identifies a conserved actinobacterial cofactor for a bifunctional PBP-type cell wall synthase

    Joel W Sher et al.
    A broadly useful phenotypic profiling dataset was generated and used to identify a cofactor required for a polar cell wall synthase in Corynebacterium glutamicum that is conserved throughout the Actinobacteria.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Maturing Mycobacterium smegmatis peptidoglycan requires non-canonical crosslinks to maintain shape

    Catherine Baranowski et al.
    Polar elongating mycobacteria (Mycobacterium smegmatis) require specific cell wall chemistries, those catalyzed by targets of critical antibiotics, to maintain rod shape at aging sites of the bacillus.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Coordination of peptidoglycan synthesis and outer membrane constriction during Escherichia coli cell division

    Andrew N Gray et al.
    The protein CpoB regulates PBP1B activity in response to the Tol energy state, which facilitates feedback and synchronicity between envelope constriction processes during Gram-negative bacterial cell division.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Flotillin-mediated membrane fluidity controls peptidoglycan synthesis and MreB movement

    Aleksandra Zielińska et al.
    Correct cell wall synthesis in bacteria depends on flotillin-mediated membrane fluidity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    PHLPP1 counter-regulates STAT1-mediated inflammatory signaling

    Ksenya Cohen Katsenelson et al.
    Uncovering a mechanism for how inflammatory signaling is opposed by a phosphatase identifies a potential druggable target to treat E. coli sepsis.

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