524 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The heteromeric PC-1/PC-2 polycystin complex is activated by the PC-1 N-terminus

    Kotdaji Ha et al.
    Soluble fragments cleaved from the N-terminus of PC-1 activate the PC-1/PC-2 heteromeric polycystin channel, describing for the first time that the N-terminus itself is an endogenous ligand.
    1. Neuroscience

    Eye opening differentially modulates inhibitory synaptic transmission in the developing visual cortex

    Wuqiang Guan et al.
    Our work demonstrated that eye opening differentially modulates inhibitory synaptic transmission from Sst-INs and FS-INs to excitatory neurons in the mammalian cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    A neural-level model of spatial memory and imagery

    Andrej Bicanski, Neil Burgess
    The BB model explains spatial cognition in terms of interactions between specific neuronal populations, providing a common computational framework for the human neuropsychological and in vivo animal electrophysiological literatures.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ensemble cryoEM elucidates the mechanism of insulin capture and degradation by human insulin degrading enzyme

    Zhening Zhang et al.
    Integrative structural analyses of human insulin degradingenzyme (IDE) reveal how IDE selectively degrades peptides that form toxicaggregates, which guides IDE-based therapeutic innovations to treat diabetesand Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Dynamics of embryonic stem cell differentiation inferred from single-cell transcriptomics show a series of transitions through discrete cell states

    Sumin Jang et al.
    Mammalian germ layer differentiation is characterized by transitions through discrete cell states, which are transcriptionally as well as functionally distinct.
    1. Cell Biology

    Calcium-stimulated disassembly of focal adhesions mediated by an ORP3/IQSec1 complex

    Ryan S D'Souza et al.
    Calcium influx stimulates formation of ER/plasma membrane contacts adjacent to focal adhesions, and lipid transfer at these sites is required for adhesion disassembly during cell migration.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of the polycystin 2-l1 ion channel

    Raymond E Hulse et al.
    The selectivity characteristics of PC-2L1, which make it a principal source of calcium in primary cilia function, is presented and advances understanding of the similarity and differences of TRPP ion channels.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Successful transmission and transcriptional deployment of a human chromosome via mouse male meiosis

    Christina Ernst et al.
    Transmission of an entire human chromosome through the mouse male germline reveals an unexpectedly high tolerance of aneuploidy during male meiosis and results in accurate transcriptional deployment despite massive epigenetic remodeling during spermatogenesis.
    1. Cell Biology

    β3-Adrenoceptor redistribution impairs NO/cGMP/PDE2 signalling in failing cardiomyocytes

    Sophie Schobesberger et al.
    β3-AR signalling via cGMP in cardiomyocytes is regulated via phosphodiesterase 2 and 5 degradation, it is potentially cardioprotective, but dysregulated in heart failure through signal redistribution and higher phosphodiesterase activity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The quantity of CD40 signaling determines the differentiation of B cells into functionally distinct memory cell subsets

    Takuya Koike et al.
    Unveiling a mechanism for the fate decision of B-cell differentiation into two functionally distinct memory B cell subsets.

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