163 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Enzyme activity and selectivity filter stability of ancient TRPM2 channels were simultaneously lost in early vertebrates

    Iordan Iordanov et al.
    Invertebrate TRPM2 channels have stable pores but act as chanzymes that hydrolyze their activating ligand ADP ribose (ADPR), whereas vertebrate TRPM2 channels are catalytically dead but undergo pore inactivation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A conserved morphogenetic mechanism for epidermal ensheathment of nociceptive sensory neurites

    Nan Jiang et al.
    Epidermal cells in vertebrates and invertebrates ensheath portions of somatosensory neurons via a conserved morphogenetic mechanism, and this ensheathment regulates morphogenesis and function of Drosophila nociceptive neurons.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural mechanisms of phospholipid activation of the human TPC2 channel

    Ji She et al.
    Cryo-EM structures of human TPC2 channel in the ligand-bound and apo states reveal the structural mechanism of PI(3,5)P2 lipid regulated gating of TPC2.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Membrane bridging by Munc13-1 is crucial for neurotransmitter release

    Bradley Quade et al.
    Cryo-electron tomography, reconstitution, and electrophysiological data show that a fundamental function of Munc13-1 is to bridge synaptic vesicles to the presynaptic plasma membrane.
    1. Cell Biology

    Two distinct mechanisms target the autophagy-related E3 complex to the pre-autophagosomal structure

    Kumi Harada et al.
    How the autophagy-related E3 complex localizes to pre-autophagosomal structures and a non-E3 function of the complex were revealed, significantly advancing our understanding of the nucleation step in autophagosome formation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Activation mechanism of ATP-sensitive K+ channels explored with real-time nucleotide binding

    Michael Puljung et al.
    A combined FRET- and electrophysiology-based approach is used to study ATP/ADP ADP binding to the stimulatory nucleotide binding site of ATP-sensitive K+ channels and investigate their activation mechanism.
    1. Cell Biology

    Dynein-mediated transport and membrane trafficking control PAR3 polarised distribution

    Julie Jouette et al.
    In Drosophila oocytes, the exclusion of the scaffold protein PAR3 from the posterior cortex depends on PAR1 and endocytosis, while its anterior localisation requires microtubules and recycling endosomes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The role of scaffold reshaping and disassembly in dynamin driven membrane fission

    Martina Pannuzzo et al.
    Computational modeling of a dynamin-constricted membrane neck can rank proposed shape changes of the helical scaffold in terms of their fission aptitude and elucidate the associated pathways.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transcriptomic analysis reveals reduced transcriptional activity in the malaria parasite Plasmodium cynomolgi during progression into dormancy

    Nicole L Bertschi et al.
    Transcriptome profiling of malaria liver-stage parasites provides unprecedented knowledge on genes and pathways expressed in truly dormant hypnozoites and indicates that dormancy is associated with a switch in energy metabolism.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis of signaling specificity between GIRK channels and GPCRs

    Kouki K Touhara, Roderick MacKinnon
    A single kinetic step in the G protein activation cycle determines whether a G protein-coupled receptor activates G protein-gated K+ channels or not.

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