154 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis of signaling specificity between GIRK channels and GPCRs

    Kouki K Touhara, Roderick MacKinnon
    A single kinetic step in the G protein activation cycle determines whether a G protein-coupled receptor activates G protein-gated K+ channels or not.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conserved allosteric pathways for activation of TRPV3 revealed through engineering vanilloid-sensitivity

    Feng Zhang et al.
    TRPV channels share general mechanisms of activation while exhibiting subtype-specific features along the activation pathway that can determine their apparent sensitivity to stimuli.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Reciprocal regulation among TRPV1 channels and phosphoinositide 3-kinase in response to nerve growth factor

    Anastasiia Stratiievska et al.
    A dual-color TIRFM study reveals a new form of inflammatory regulation, in which a lipid kinase and ion channel reciprocally regulate each other to amplify the response to painful stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reactive oxygen species regulate activity-dependent neuronal plasticity in Drosophila

    Matthew CW Oswald et al.
    Reactive oxygen species, previously considered damaging agents linked to pathology, are required for normal neuronal plasticity, including adjustment of synaptic terminal size, maintenance of synaptic physiology and adaptive behavioural responses.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An unexpected INAD PDZ tandem-mediated plcβ binding in Drosophila photo receptors

    Fei Ye et al.
    Biochemical and structural studies uncover an unexpected mode of interaction, with unprecedented high affinity, between INAD scaffold and NORPA that is critical for Drosophila compound eye photo-transduction.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The hydrophobic nature of a novel membrane interface regulates the enzyme activity of a voltage-sensing phosphatase

    Akira Kawanabe et al.
    Electrophysiological and fluorometric studies of Ci-VSP expressed in Xenopus oocyte revealed two states of the enzyme region with distinct enzyme activity and distinct coupling to the voltage sensor.
    1. Neuroscience

    Expanded genetic screening in Caenorhabditis elegans identifies new regulators and an inhibitory role for NAD+ in axon regeneration

    Kyung Won Kim et al.
    A function-based genetic screen using the Caenorhabditis elegans axotomy model identifies new regulators and an inhibitory role for NAD+ in axon regeneration, expanding the understanding of axon injury responses and regeneration.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Translesion polymerase kappa-dependent DNA synthesis underlies replication fork recovery

    Peter Tonzi et al.
    Translesion polymerase kappa promotes replication fork restart to maintain genome stability during conditions of nucleotide deprivation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    INAVA-ARNO complexes bridge mucosal barrier function with inflammatory signaling

    Phi Luong et al.
    Inflammatory bowel disease risk-gene, INAVA and the ARF-GEF ARNO, regulates non-canonical cortical actin assembly and IL-1b signaling to maintain epithelial homeostasis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures reveal opening of the store-operated calcium channel Orai

    Xiaowei Hou et al.
    The structure of the calcium channel Orai in an open conformation reveals a dilated pore and gives insight into mechanisms of ion permeation and calcium selectivity.

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