141 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Reprogramming of translation in yeast cells impaired for ribosome recycling favors short, efficiently translated mRNAs

    Swati Gaikwad et al.
    A mutant impaired for ribosome recycling exhibits translational reprogramming wherein strong mRNAs outcompete weak mRNAs, also observed when preinitiation complexes are diminished by eIF2α phosphorylation or 40S ribosomal subunit depletion.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Basis of specificity for a conserved and promiscuous chromatin remodeling protein

    Drake A Donovan et al.
    The identification of a novel mechanism of chromatin remodeling, including a conserved remodeler domain and regulatory epitopes, provides targets for the design of therapeutics to modulate transcriptional regulation in cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Redox controls RecA protein activity via reversible oxidation of its methionine residues

    Camille Henry et al.
    RecA is inactivated by oxidative stress and repaired by the MsrA/B anti-ROS defense system.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dynamic effects of genetic variation on gene expression revealed following hypoxic stress in cardiomyocytes

    Michelle C Ward et al.
    Cellular stress in a disease-relevant cell type uncovers novel genetic effects on gene expression, which is likely relevant for disease.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    The Arabidopsis active demethylase ROS1 cis-regulates defence genes by erasing DNA methylation at promoter-regulatory regions

    Thierry Halter et al.
    Active DNA demethylation at some defence gene promoters is causal for DNA binding of WRKY transcription factors as well as for transcriptional activation of these genes during plant immune response.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Dimerisation of the PICTS complex via LC8/Cut-up drives co-transcriptional transposon silencing in Drosophila

    Evelyn L Eastwood et al.
    Heterochromatin formation at transposon loci depends on dimerisation of the effector complex that elicits co-transcriptional silencing and this requirement is fulfilled by co-option of the conserved dimerisation hub protein, Cut-up/LC8.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Epithelial colonies in vitro elongate through collective effects

    Jordi Comelles et al.
    Spontaneous elongation of epithelial colonies is related to the orientation of the mean nematic cell elongation field, as shown and tested with experiments and theory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lapses in perceptual decisions reflect exploration

    Sashank Pisupati et al.
    During perceptual decision-making, some errors on easy decisions (lapses) are not simply mistakes, but instead reflect strategic decisions to explore actions associated with uncertain rewards.
    1. Cell Biology

    ATP activation of peritubular cells drives testicular sperm transport

    David Fleck et al.
    Purinergic signaling controls mammalian sperm transport.

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