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1,315 results found
    1. Plant Biology

    A chloroplast retrograde signal, 3’-phosphoadenosine 5’-phosphate, acts as a secondary messenger in abscisic acid signaling in stomatal closure and germination

    Wannarat Pornsiriwong et al.
    Molecular signals from chloroplasts can synergistically interact with the plant hormone, abscisic acid (ABA), to regulate non-canonical signaling pathways mediating fundamental cellular processes including stomatal closure, seed dormancy and germination.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Disease-related mutations in PI3Kγ disrupt regulatory C-terminal dynamics and reveal a path to selective inhibitors

    Manoj K Rathinaswamy et al.
    The c-terminus of PI3K plays a key role in regulating kinase activity, with c-terminal disease-linked mutations leading to either activation or inhibition, which reveal a path to specific inhibitors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic plasticity fails at the intersection of autism-gene mutations and a novel class of common genetic modifiers

    Özgür Genç et al.
    Forward genetic screens define a novel genetic landscape by which diverse, unrelated autism risk genes may converge to commonly affect the robustness of synaptic transmission.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The CHORD protein CHP-1 regulates EGF receptor trafficking and signaling in C. elegans and in human cells

    Andrea Haag et al.
    The co-chaperone CHORDC1 is specifically required for epidermal growth factor receptor trafficking and signaling in Caenorhabditis elegans and in human cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    SnRK1-triggered switch of bZIP63 dimerization mediates the low-energy response in plants

    Andrea Mair et al.
    The transcription factor bZIP63 is a key regulator of the starvation response in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana and is directly targeted by the kinase SnRK1.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Coupling between the DEAD-box RNA helicases Ded1p and eIF4A

    Zhaofeng Gao et al.
    Ded1p and eIF4A, two RNA helicases that function in eukaryotic translation initiation, interact physically with each other and with the scaffolding protein eIF4G.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Neuroscience

    Activation of GCN2 kinase by ribosome stalling links translation elongation with translation initiation

    Ryuta Ishimura et al.
    Activation of the integrated stress response by stalled translation elongation complexes attenuates neurodegeneration, and demonstrates a protective link between a decrease in the rate of translation initiation and defects in translation elongation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Formation of polarity convergences underlying shoot outgrowths

    Katie Abley et al.
    Models that generate tandem alignments of cell polarities are more readily compatible with the formation of PIN1 polarity patterns in plant leaf buds than the most widely accepted “up-the-gradient” model.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Protein kinase C coordinates histone H3 phosphorylation and acetylation

    Zoulfia Darieva et al.
    Chromatin structure is altered following DNA replication stress through the activity of protein kinase C signalling which leads to functionally coupled histone H3 phosphorylation and acetylation events.
    1. Cell Biology

    CHIP as a membrane-shuttling proteostasis sensor

    Yannick Kopp et al.
    The mechanism is revealed that connects the protein degradation machinery to cellular membrane-bound compartments during proteostasis stress in mammalian cells.

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