463 results found
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    PIP2 depletion promotes TRPV4 channel activity in mouse brain capillary endothelial cells

    Osama F Harraz et al.
    TRPV4 channels in brain capillaries are suppressed by the phosphoinositide PIP2 and activated by receptor agonists implicated in neurovascular coupling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Quantitative analysis of mammalian GIRK2 channel regulation by G proteins, the signaling lipid PIP2 and Na+ in a reconstituted system

    Weiwei Wang et al.
    The G protein subunits Gβγ and the signaling lipid PIP2 are simultaneously needed to activate the potassium ion channel GIRK2 to control the voltage across a lipid bilayer, while sodium ions modulate these molecules' effects.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM analysis of PIP2 regulation in mammalian GIRK channels

    Yiming Niu et al.
    The structural role of PIP2 in opening the G-protein-gated K+ channel is revealed.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The transpeptidase PBP2 governs initial localization and activity of the major cell-wall synthesis machinery in E. coli

    Gizem Özbaykal et al.
    For initiation of cell-wall insertion, the cross-linking enzyme PBP2 stably binds to a component of the cell envelope that is different from MreB filaments.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Kinesin Kip2 enhances microtubule growth in vitro through length-dependent feedback on polymerization and catastrophe

    Anneke Hibbel et al.
    The budding yeast kinesin Kip2 is a polymerase that uses its processive motility in a positive feedback loop to promote microtubule growth.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Ezrin activation by LOK phosphorylation involves a PIP2-dependent wedge mechanism

    Thaher Pelaseyed et al.
    Phosphorylation of ezrin involves an unusual mechanism requiring coincident binding to PIP2 and involvement of the non-catalytic domain to gain access to the phosphorylation site thereby restricting selective phosphorylation to the plasma membrane.
    1. Cell Biology

    Myotubularin related protein-2 and its phospholipid substrate PIP2 control Piezo2-mediated mechanotransduction in peripheral sensory neurons

    Pratibha Narayanan et al.
    Local Mtmr2 activity and PI(3,5)P2 abundance dynamically control Piezo2-dependent mechanotransduction in peripheral sensory neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Protein arginine methylation facilitates KCNQ channel-PIP2 interaction leading to seizure suppression

    Hyun-Ji Kim et al.
    The PRMT1 protein mediates arginine methylation of KCNQ2 channels to control neuronal excitability.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Synchronized HIV assembly by tunable PIP2 changes reveals PIP2 requirement for stable Gag anchoring

    Frauke Mücksch et al.
    PI(4,5)P2 plays a much broader role during the HIV-1 particle assembly process than assumed; it is indispensable not only for recruitment of Gag to the plasma membrane but also for the maintenance of Gag assemblies.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Reciprocal regulation among TRPV1 channels and phosphoinositide 3-kinase in response to nerve growth factor

    Anastasiia Stratiievska et al.
    A dual-color TIRFM study reveals a new form of inflammatory regulation, in which a lipid kinase and ion channel reciprocally regulate each other to amplify the response to painful stimuli.

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