3,354 results found
    1. Cancer Biology

    STRIPAK directs PP2A activity toward MAP4K4 to promote oncogenic transformation of human cells

    Jong Wook Kim et al.
    ST recruitment of STRIPAK facilitates PP2A-mediated dephosphorylation of MAP4K4 and induces cell transformation highlighting that STRIPAK complex plays a key role in defining PP2A specificity and activity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis for substrate specificity of the Phactr1/PP1 phosphatase holoenzyme

    Roman O Fedoryshchak et al.
    Interaction of cofactor Phactr1 with PP1 creates a composite substrate-binding surface that defines the sequence specificity of the Phactr1/PP1 holoenzyme.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Aurkb/PP1-mediated resetting of Oct4 during the cell cycle determines the identity of embryonic stem cells

    Jihoon Shin et al.
    The regulation of the core transcription factor Oct4 by the Aurkb-PP1 axis links the cell cycle to pluripotency programs in embryonic stem cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Reciprocal regulation of ARPP-16 by PKA and MAST3 kinases provides a cAMP-regulated switch in protein phosphatase 2A inhibition

    Veronica Musante et al.
    A complex interplay between MAST3 and PKA protein kinases and the regulatory protein ARPP-16 allows cAMP to control the activity of protein phosphatase 2A.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Antagonism of PP2A is an independent and conserved function of HIV-1 Vif and causes cell cycle arrest

    Sara Marelli et al.
    Systematic screen of HIV-1 Vif mutants identifies synthetic and naturally occurring amino acid polymorphisms separating PPP2R5 and APOBEC3 family protein depletion and uncovers the mechanism of Vif-dependent cell cycle arrest.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Cell type boundaries organize plant development

    Monica Pia Caggiano et al.
    Leaf position, shape and orientation are pre-patterned by cell type boundaries in the shoot meristem.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Spatially compartmentalized phase regulation of a Ca2+-cAMP-PKA oscillatory circuit

    Brian Tenner et al.
    Nanodomain clustering of cAMP effectors represents a novel mechanism of cAMP compartmentation within an oscillatory signaling circuit.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Fcp1 phosphatase controls Greatwall kinase to promote PP2A-B55 activation and mitotic progression

    Rosa Della Monica et al.
    The phosphatase Fcp1 inactivates Greatwall kinase at the end of mitosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Sir2 phosphorylation through cAMP-PKA and CK2 signaling inhibits the lifespan extension activity of Sir2 in yeast

    Woo Kyu Kang et al.
    The deacetylase Sir2 fine-tunes transcription of PMA1 and other aging related genes in a cAMP-PKA and CK2 signaling dependent manner.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A dynamic charge-charge interaction modulates PP2A:B56 substrate recruitment

    Xinru Wang et al.
    A novel dynamic charge-charge interaction between B56 and a subset of PP2A-B56 substrates is essential for substrate specificity, dephosphorylation and, for KIF4A, binding condensin I.

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