760 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Reciprocal regulation of ARPP-16 by PKA and MAST3 kinases provides a cAMP-regulated switch in protein phosphatase 2A inhibition

    Veronica Musante et al.
    A complex interplay between MAST3 and PKA protein kinases and the regulatory protein ARPP-16 allows cAMP to control the activity of protein phosphatase 2A.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A composite double-/single-stranded RNA-binding region in protein Prp3 supports tri-snRNP stability and splicing

    Sunbin Liu et al.
    Structural and functional analyses show how the spliceosomal Prp3 protein concomitantly binds double- and single- stranded regions in U4/U6 di-snRNAs and serves to stabilize the U4/U6•U5 tri-snRNP for splicing.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    TMEM266 is a functional voltage sensor regulated by extracellular Zn2+

    Ferenc Papp et al.
    Transmembrane protein 266 contains a functional S1-S4 voltage-sensing domain that is regulated by extracellular Zn2+ ions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    DNA damage shifts circadian clock time via Hausp-dependent Cry1 stabilization

    Stephanie J Papp et al.
    The circadian clock proteins, cryptochrome 1 (Cry1) and 2 (Cry2), evolved from bacterial light-activated DNA repair enzymes to detect DNA damage and coordinate the gene expression response.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Gene Regulation: Acting in tandem

    Robert A Battaglia, Ailong Ke
    RNA structures called tandem riboswitches allow bacteria to employ complex logical operations in response to nutrient starvation.
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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures of two aptamers with differing ligand specificity reveal ruggedness in the functional landscape of RNA

    Andrew John Knappenberger et al.
    RNA aptamers that are closely related and share a common scaffold can readily adapt to recognize new ligands through changes in just a few nucleotides.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Tandem riboswitches form a natural Boolean logic gate to control purine metabolism in bacteria

    Madeline E Sherlock et al.
    A riboswitch class has been discovered for phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate, the biochemical precursor of nucleotides, and this novel RNA sensor commonly operates in tandem with a guanine aptamer to function like a Boolean logic gate.
    1. Developmental Biology

    TALE factors use two distinct functional modes to control an essential zebrafish gene expression program

    Franck Ladam et al.
    TALE transcription factors bind different genomic motifs and function together with different protein partners at different stages of zebrafish embryogenesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Unfair competition governs the interaction of pCPI-17 with myosin phosphatase (PP1-MYPT1)

    Joshua J Filter et al.
    Unfair competition, in which a phosphatase and a phosphoprotein inhibitor/substrate mutually sequester each other from competing substrates and enzymes, is a conserved mechanism for the control of PPP family phosphatases.
    1. Neuroscience

    The N-terminus of the prion protein is a toxic effector regulated by the C-terminus

    Bei Wu et al.
    A novel auto-inhibitory mechanism regulates the functional activity of the cellular prion protein, PrPC, providing for the first time a coherent molecular model for both its pathological and physiological effects.

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