80 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The palmitoyl acyltransferase ZDHHC14 controls Kv1-family potassium channel clustering at the axon initial segment

    Shaun S Sanders et al.
    ZDHHC14 controls palmitoylation and axon initial segment targeting of PSD93 and Kv1-family potassium channels, events that are essential for normal neuronal excitability.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    ABHD17 proteins are novel protein depalmitoylases that regulate N-Ras palmitate turnover and subcellular localization

    David Tse Shen Lin, Elizabeth Conibear
    Palmitate turnover is controlled by distinct enzyme families with different specificities.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single synapse evaluation of the postsynaptic NMDA receptors targeted by evoked and spontaneous neurotransmission

    Austin L Reese, Ege T Kavalali
    In a population of mammalian central synapses, spontaneous and evoked neurotransmitter release processes are independently distributed; yet, postsynaptic receptors within a single synapse preferentially receive neurotransmitter from only one mode of release.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lack of IL-1R8 in neurons causes hyperactivation of IL-1 receptor pathway and induces MECP2-dependent synaptic defects

    Romana Tomasoni et al.
    Excessive inflammation of the brain in early life predisposes individuals to neurodevelopmental disorders by preventing synapses from developing correctly.
    1. Neuroscience

    LKB1 coordinates neurite remodeling to drive synapse layer emergence in the outer retina

    Courtney A Burger et al.
    LKB1 instructs the timing and location of synapse layer emergence in the outer retina by coordinating the regulation of pre- and postsynaptic neuron maturation and transport of synapse-associated proteins.
    1. Neuroscience

    Subcellular sorting of neuregulins controls the assembly of excitatory-inhibitory cortical circuits

    David Exposito-Alonso et al.
    Neuregulins control the integration of specific excitatory and inhibitory synapses through subcellular sorting.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pathway-specific dysregulation of striatal excitatory synapses by LRRK2 mutations

    Chuyu Chen et al.
    Although human Parkinson's disease is linked to dopamine loss, two distinct mutations in a kinase associated with familial Parkinson's operate downstream, altering excitatory synapses on dopamine-sensing neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spontaneous neurotransmission signals through store-driven Ca2+ transients to maintain synaptic homeostasis

    Austin L Reese, Ege T Kavalali
    Individual neurons can adjust the strength of their synapses by using spontaneous calcium influx through NMDA receptors to trigger the release of additional calcium from intracellular stores, which can in turn be used to regulate protein synthesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Co-agonists differentially tune GluN2B-NMDA receptor trafficking at hippocampal synapses

    Joana S Ferreira et al.
    D-serine has a major role in the regulation of NMDA receptors not only contributing to its activation as the receptors co-agonist, but also by regulating specifically GluN2B-NMDA receptor trafficking and synaptic content at developing hippocampal synapses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sub-synaptic, multiplexed analysis of proteins reveals Fragile X related protein 2 is mislocalized in Fmr1 KO synapses

    Gordon X Wang et al.
    The development of a novel, high throughput method for the sub-synaptic analysis of protein localization in molecularly classified synapse classes allows sub-compartment, multiplexed detection of proteins in synapses using wide-field microscopes.

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