68 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical ChAT+ neurons co-transmit acetylcholine and GABA in a target- and brain-region-specific manner

    Adam J Granger et al.
    Most ChAT-expressing interneurons are a subset VIP+ interneurons that differentially release GABA and acetylcholine onto different post-synaptic targets, while a separate population of non-VIP ChAT+ neurons release acetylcholine in mPFC.
    1. Neuroscience

    SynGAP isoforms differentially regulate synaptic plasticity and dendritic development

    Yoichi Araki et al.
    Detailed SYNGAP1 splice variant characterization uncovers distinct isoform functions and biochemical properties contributing to critical aspects of neurodevelopment, providing previously unknown isoform-level insight into SYNGAP1-related cognitive disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute disruption of the synaptic vesicle membrane protein synaptotagmin 1 using knockoff in mouse hippocampal neurons

    Jason D Vevea, Edwin R Chapman
    Knockoff is a tool for researchers who wish to acutely disrupt a membrane protein.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic APP levels and synaptic homeostasis are regulated by Akt phosphorylation of huntingtin

    Julie Bruyère et al.
    Reducing Akt-mediated huntingtin phosphorylation decreases APP accumulation at the synapse by reducing its anterograde axonal transport and ameliorates learning and memory in a mouse model of familial Alzheimer disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    LKB1 coordinates neurite remodeling to drive synapse layer emergence in the outer retina

    Courtney A Burger et al.
    LKB1 instructs the timing and location of synapse layer emergence in the outer retina by coordinating the regulation of pre- and postsynaptic neuron maturation and transport of synapse-associated proteins.
    1. Neuroscience

    Latrophilin-2 and latrophilin-3 are redundantly essential for parallel-fiber synapse function in cerebellum

    Roger Shen Zhang et al.
    Knockout of both latrophilin-2 and latrophilin-3 from Purkinje cells in mice selectively impairs parallel-fiber synapses, revealing a redundant but critical function for latrophilins at specific synapses.
    1. Neuroscience

    CXCL12-induced rescue of cortical dendritic spines and cognitive flexibility

    Lindsay K Festa et al.
    Unveiling a novel role of the chemokine CXCL12 in the mature brain that opens up new lines of investigation for the development of therapeutics against cognitive impairment.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cell-type-specific regulation of neuronal intrinsic excitability by macroautophagy

    Ori J Lieberman et al.
    In addition to its classic role in synaptic function and plasticity, macroautophagy regulates neuronal intrinsic excitability via degradation of acetylated Kir2 channels to control neurotransmission.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    EphrinB2 regulates VEGFR2 during dendritogenesis and hippocampal circuitry development

    Eva Harde et al.
    The internalization of the angiogenic receptor VEGFR2 expressed in neurons is controlled by ephrinB2 and is required for neuronal dendritic arborization, spine morphogenesis and circuitry development in the hippocampus.
    1. Neuroscience

    FMRP has a cell-type-specific role in CA1 pyramidal neurons to regulate autism-related transcripts and circadian memory

    Kirsty Sawicka et al.
    Identifying FMRP-bound mRNAs in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons reveals cell-type specific regulation of autism-candidate and circadian mRNAs and FMRP-mediated control of memory across the circadian cycle.

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