68 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Sloppy morphological tuning in identified neurons of the crustacean stomatogastric ganglion

    Adriane G Otopalik et al.
    Reliable neuronal physiology can arise from variable and inefficient morphologies.
    1. Cell Biology

    Brain-specific Drp1 regulates postsynaptic endocytosis and dendrite formation independently of mitochondrial division

    Kie Itoh et al.
    Genetic and cell biological analyses reveal a new role of Drp1 in postsynaptic endocytosis during brain development beyond mitochondrial division GTPase.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortex-dependent recovery of unassisted hindlimb locomotion after complete spinal cord injury in adult rats

    Anitha Manohar et al.
    After complete spinal transection in adult rats, careful combinations of pharmacological and physical therapies create a novel cortical sensorimotor circuit that may bypass the lesion through biomechanical coupling, allowing animals to recover unassisted hindlimb locomotion.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Signalling through AMPA receptors on oligodendrocyte precursors promotes myelination by enhancing oligodendrocyte survival

    Eleni Kougioumtzidou et al.
    Electrically active axons in white matter stimulate their own myelination by releasing glutamate, which signals through AMPA-type glutamate receptors on nearby oligodendrocyte precursors and newly-differentiating oligodendrocytes, enhancing their survival and hence their ability to myelinate.
    1. Neuroscience

    p21-activated kinase 1 restricts tonic endocannabinoid signaling in the hippocampus

    Shuting Xia et al.
    PAK1 regulates inhibitory synaptic transmission in mice through a cyclooxygenase-2 dependent restriction in tonic, but not phasic, secretion of endocannabinoids.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurotrophin-3 regulates ribbon synapse density in the cochlea and induces synapse regeneration after acoustic trauma

    Guoqiang Wan et al.
    Overexpression of the growth factor neurotrophin-3 helps to repair noise-induced damage in the mouse inner ear by promoting the regeneration of damaged synapses.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pharmacological evidence for a metabotropic glutamate receptor heterodimer in neuronal cells

    David Moreno Delgado et al.
    Innovative approaches were used to identify the specific pharmacological properties of heterodimeric metabotropic glutamate receptors composed of mGlu2 and mGlu4 subunits, and reveal their existence in a neuronal cell line and in perforant path terminals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Loss of MeCP2 disrupts cell autonomous and autocrine BDNF signaling in mouse glutamatergic neurons

    Charanya Sampathkumar et al.
    In mouse models of Rett syndrome, the impaired cell autonomous BDNF feed forward signaling pathway results in abnormalities in neurite outgrowth and synapse formation in excitatory neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    SynGAP isoforms differentially regulate synaptic plasticity and dendritic development

    Yoichi Araki et al.
    Detailed SYNGAP1 splice variant characterization uncovers distinct isoform functions and biochemical properties contributing to critical aspects of neurodevelopment, providing previously unknown isoform-level insight into SYNGAP1-related cognitive disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurexophilin4 is a selectively expressed α-neurexin ligand that modulates specific cerebellar synapses and motor functions

    Xiangling Meng et al.
    A combination of mouse genetics and biochemistry approaches reveals neurexophilin4 (Nxph4) as a context-specific α-neurexin ligand, which regulates Golgi-granule cell inhibitory synapses and motor functions.

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