124 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Dissecting the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironments in Glioblastoma-on-a-Chip for optimized PD-1 immunotherapy

    Xin Cui et al.
    A biomimetic and patient-specific Glioblastoma-on-a-Chip microphysiological system provides an avenue for personalized screening of PD-1 immunotherapy and novel combinational therapies that maximize therapeutic outcomes in Glioblastoma patients.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Erythrocyte CD55 mediates the internalization of Plasmodium falciparum parasites

    Bikash Shakya et al.
    The strain-transcendent receptor CD55 plays a distinct functional role relative to other known receptors for Plasmodium falciparum invasion of human erythrocytes, indicating it may present a vulnerable target for intervention.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A population of innate myelolymphoblastoid effector cell expanded by inactivation of mTOR complex 1 in mice

    Fei Tang et al.
    A novel population of hematopoietic cells unmasked by mTORC1 inactivation reveals a new mechanism of innate immune tolerance and a new consequence of defective hematopoiesis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Notch and TLR signaling coordinate monocyte cell fate and inflammation

    Jaba Gamrekelashvili et al.
    Notch signaling alters TLR-induced inflammation by skewing monocyte cell fate toward patrolling monocyte differentiation at the expense of macrophage cell fate.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Inhibition of IRF4 in dendritic cells by PRR-independent and -dependent signals inhibit Th2 and promote Th17 responses

    Jihyung Lee et al.
    Reprogramming of transcription factors by PRR-independent (cAMP) and PRR-dependent (curdlan) signaling induces new dendritic cell subset.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cytomegalovirus protein m154 perturbs the adaptor protein-1 compartment mediating broad-spectrum immune evasion

    Ivana Strazic Geljic et al.
    Single mouse cytomegalovirus protein, m154, downmodulates surface expression of numerous targets important for NK and CD8 T cell activation by perturbing adaptor protein-1 sorting and redirecting targets to lysosomal degradation.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The CUL4-DDB1 ubiquitin ligase complex controls adult and embryonic stem cell differentiation and homeostasis

    Jie Gao et al.
    DDB1, a component of the ubiquitin proteasome system, plays a role in both hematopoietic and embryonic stem cell self-renewal and differentiation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Circulating myeloid cells invade the central nervous system to mediate cachexia during pancreatic cancer

    Kevin G Burfeind et al.
    Circulating myeloid cells invade the brain during pancreatic cancer, where they accumulate at a unique central nervous system interface and drive anorexia and muscle catabolism.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Murine HSCs contribute actively to native hematopoiesis but with reduced differentiation capacity upon aging

    Petter Säwen et al.
    Using a lineage tracing model, it is demonstrated that adult murine hematopoiesis is contingent on the continuous output from HSCs, with quantitative contributions that are dependent on lineage-type and age.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells regulate the regeneration of their niche by secreting Angiopoietin-1

    Bo O Zhou et al.
    Normal hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells slow the regeneration of their niche after injury to minimize leakage from the niche vasculature.

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