98 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic modulation of activity in cerebellar nuclei neurons during pavlovian eyeblink conditioning in mice

    Michiel M ten Brinke et al.
    Conditioned olivocerebellar network activity elicits transient spike pauses and timed spike facilitation in the neurons of interposed nuclei that predicts and likely causes conditioned eyelid responses on a trial-by-trial basis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning shapes the aversion and reward responses of lateral habenula neurons

    Daqing Wang et al.
    Neurons in the lateral habenula are activated by pain, bitterness and social defeat, and their responses are dynamically shaped by learning, suggesting a role in experience-dependent selection of behavioral actions to stressors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Emergence of visually-evoked reward expectation signals in dopamine neurons via the superior colliculus in V1 lesioned monkeys

    Norihiro Takakuwa et al.
    The subcortical visual pathway through the midbrain superior colliculus is responsible for visually evoked Pavlovian conditioning and dopamine neuron responses with predicted value in monkeys, which remained after lesioning V1.
    1. Neuroscience

    The computational nature of memory modification

    Samuel J Gershman et al.
    A computational model explains how the brain chooses between creating a new memory versus updating an old one when faced with an event that defies expectations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Specialized coding patterns among dorsomedial prefrontal neuronal ensembles predict conditioned reward seeking

    Roger I Grant et al.
    Excitatory output neurons in dorsomedial prefrontal cortex display heterogeneously specialized coding properties that evolve during cue-reward learning and predict cue-driven reward seeking.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventral pallidal encoding of reward-seeking behavior depends on the underlying associative structure

    Jocelyn M Richard et al.
    Reward-related cues elicit phasic changes in activity in ventral pallidum neurons, which predict and functionally contribute to the speed of behaviors trained on the basis of act-outcome, but not stimulus-outcome, contingencies.
    1. Neuroscience

    A bidirectional corticoamygdala circuit for the encoding and retrieval of detailed reward memories

    Ana C Sias et al.
    The bidirectional orbitofrontal cortex-basolateral amygdala circuit helps us to learn the details of predicted rewarding events and then to use that information to make good reward pursuit decisions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Reconsidering the evidence for learning in single cells

    Samuel J Gershman et al.
    Single cells are believed to be incapable of complex forms of learning, but reconsideration of historical studies and more recent developments suggest that this orthodoxy must now be reconsidered.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bed nucleus of the stria terminalis regulates fear to unpredictable threat signals

    Travis D Goode et al.
    The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) is required for the expression of defensive behavior to uncertain threats, a function that is central to pathological anxiety.
    1. Neuroscience

    Locus coeruleus to basolateral amygdala noradrenergic projections promote anxiety-like behavior

    Jordan G McCall et al.
    Selective activation of locus coeruleus noradrenergic terminals drives anxiety-like behaviors through activation of β-adrenergic receptors in the basolateral amygdala.

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