299 results found
    1. Medicine

    Modulation of fracture healing by the transient accumulation of senescent cells

    Dominik Saul et al.
    Senescent cells accumulate in the fracture callus and a reduction in the number of these cells accelerates fracture healing in mice.
    1. Cell Biology

    Modelling the impact of decidual senescence on embryo implantation in human endometrial assembloids

    Thomas M Rawlings et al.
    The study of embryo-endometrial interactions in assembloid co-cultures identifies novel mechanisms of reproductive failure.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Human embryo polarization requires PLC signaling to mediate trophectoderm specification

    Meng Zhu et al.
    Functional analyses of in vitro fertilized, preimplanation human embryos reveal that the first lineage segregation depends on cell polarization signaling that is regulated by Phospholipase C (PLC) activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    A projectome of the bumblebee central complex

    Marcel Ethan Sayre et al.
    Serial-section electron microscopy uncovers the intricate neural network of the bumblebee central complex, revealing highly conserved projection patterns as well as novel circuit elements potentially unique to bees.
    1. Medicine

    Aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip reveals impaired mitochondrial dynamics as a therapeutic target for aortic aneurysm in bicuspid aortic valve disease

    Mieradilijiang Abudupataer et al.
    An aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip model indicated that NOTCH1 insufficiency in HAoSMCs induced phenotypic switching from a contractile to a synthetic phenotype accompanied by an impairment of mitochondrial fusion, implying its potential role as a therapeutic target for BAV-TAA.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Mesenchymal stromal cell aging impairs the self-organizing capacity of lung alveolar epithelial stem cells

    Diptiman Chanda et al.
    Lung stem cell niche aging is associated with altered bioenergetics, metabolic dysfunction, and senescence of mesenchymal stromal cells that restricts 3D organoid, or alveolosphere formation, potentially accounting for reduced regenerative capacity with aging.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Single-cell analysis of the ventricular-subventricular zone reveals signatures of dorsal and ventral adult neurogenesis

    Arantxa Cebrian-Silla et al.
    Adult neural stem cells differ in the types of neurons they generate according to their location and new territories and genes associated with dorsal and ventral neurogenic lineages in the adult mouse brain are revealed.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Subventricular zone/white matter microglia reconstitute the empty adult microglial niche in a dynamic wave

    Lindsay A Hohsfield et al.
    In an empty microglial niche, repopulating microglia arise from subventricular zone and white matter-associated areas without contributions from the bone marrow to fill the mouse brain via a spreading wave.
    1. Cell Biology

    A bone-specific adipogenesis pathway in fat-free mice defines key origins and adaptations of bone marrow adipocytes with age and disease

    Xiao Zhang et al.
    A novel secondary adipogenesis pathway is defined that is unique to the bone marrow and is activated with age and in states of metabolic stress.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Crosstalk between nitric oxide and retinoic acid pathways is essential for amphioxus pharynx development

    Filomena Caccavale et al.
    Previously undescribed morphogenetic and developmental mechanisms unravel that the cooperation of two ancient signaling pathways, nitric oxide and retinoic acid, is essential to build a chordate embryo.

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