503 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Confidence predicts speed-accuracy tradeoff for subsequent decisions

    Kobe Desender et al.
    Neural coding of previous-trial confidence affects current decision policy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Elucidation of the anti-autophagy mechanism of the Legionella effector RavZ using semisynthetic LC3 proteins

    Aimin Yang et al.
    Legionella effector RavZ evades host autophagy by extracting LC3-PE from the membrane before deconjugation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    O-GlcNAc on NOTCH1 EGF repeats regulates ligand-induced Notch signaling and vascular development in mammals

    Shogo Sawaguchi et al.
    The transfer of O-GlcNAc by EOGT to specific EGF repeats of NOTCH1 promotes DLL4 binding, Notch signaling, and retinal vascular development.
    1. Cell Biology

    The fibronectin synergy site re-enforces cell adhesion and mediates a crosstalk between integrin classes

    Maria Benito-Jardón et al.
    The fibronectin synergy site is only required in vivo when forces exceed or αvβ3 integrin levels fall below certain thresholds.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cellular localization of the cell cycle inhibitor Cdkn1c controls growth arrest of adult skeletal muscle stem cells

    Despoina Mademtzoglou et al.
    Ablation of the Cdkn1c cell cycle inhibitor leads to defective muscle stem cell dynamics and myogenic potential, while progressive cytoplasmic to nuclear cellular localization of the Cdkn1c protein regulates growth arrest.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Pdgfra marks a cellular lineage with distinct contributions to myofibroblasts in lung maturation and injury response

    Rongbo Li et al.
    Lineage tracing using a knockin Pdgfra-rtTA tool indicates distinct contributions of this cell lineage to myofibroblasts in normal development, fibrosis and bronchopulmonary dysplasia models.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Functionally diverse human T cells recognize non-microbial antigens presented by MR1

    Marco Lepore et al.
    MR1T cells are human polyclonal T cells endowed with diverse effector functions in response to endogenous antigens presented by MHC-class 1-related molecule, MR1.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Modulation of let-7 miRNAs controls the differentiation of effector CD8 T cells

    Alexandria C Wells et al.
    TCR-mediated downregulation of let-7 microRNAs licenses the differentiation of activated CD8 T cells into cytotoxic T lymphocytes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Two-step membrane binding by the bacterial SRP receptor enable efficient and accurate Co-translational protein targeting

    Yu-Hsien Hwang Fu et al.
    Single molecule microscopy combined with biochemical analyses show that a two-step lipid-binding mechanism of the SRP receptor balances the trade-off between speed and specificity during co-translational protein targeting.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Sec17/Sec18 act twice, enhancing membrane fusion and then disassembling cis-SNARE complexes

    Hongki Song et al.
    Sec17 (αSNAP) and Sec18 (NSF) are shown to act twice, to promote fusion per se and to recycle SNAREs after fusion.

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